Dan. 9:24   "Seventy weeks are determined For your people and for your holy city, To finish the transgression, To make an end of sins, To make reconciliation for iniquity, To bring in everlasting righteousness, To seal up vision and prophecy, And to anoint the Most Holy.

And he shall confirm1396 the covenant1285 with many7227 for one259 week7620: and in the midst2677 of the week7620 he shall cause the sacrifice2077 and the oblation4503 to cease7673 , and for the overspreading3671 of abominations8251 he shall make [it] desolate8074 , even until the consummation3617, and that determined2782 shall be poured5413 upon the desolate8074 .


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Dan. 9:27  “And He shall confirm

גבר   Gabar  Strongs:  h1396

Tense:  Stem:  Hiphil,   Aspect: Perfect

Gabar in it’s Hyphil form (Higbir) means ‘confirm


Verb Forms of “GABAR”:  QAL, PIEL, HIPHIL


       a) (Qal)

          1) to be strong, mighty

          2) to prevail

       b) (Piel) to make strong , to strengthen   

                 Mistranslated in NASB as:

                "to make a strong covenant";

                then further perverting the original meaning to:

                "to make a  covenant


                Consequently, changing the original meaning;

                Rather than correctly translated as

                "to make strong”, or “to strengthen” a covenant.



           Or, more accurately: 

           "To strengthen" or "confirm "in context are "Causative" in action,

           and therefore a Hiphil verb form, not a Piel intensive verb.  

       c) (Hiphil);  [Higbir]

          1) to confirm, give strength

          2) to confirm (a covenant).


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 Strongs # 


H 2077






Zeh’vakh (key)

 English Equivalent


Sacrifices of righteousness, thank offerings

 H 4503



 Gift, Present, Tribute, Oblation, Sacrifice, Meat   Offering, Offering (to God), Grain Offering.

 H 8641



Contribution, offering, A heave offering, Any offering, An offering to God,  an offering (of grain, money, etc), Contribution

H 5930



Burnt Offering




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By  Feasts of the Lord.Net

Applied hermeneutics requires a clear and literal ‘in-context’ grammatical analysis to determine a passage of scripture’s exact meaning.

The key question here is verse 27 with the words "confirm" (gabar) and "covenant" (beriyth), wherein gabar in it’s hyphil form "Higbir" (used in original Hebrew scripture) means ‘confirm; confirm in reference to a covenant’; and beriyth meaning a ‘pledge’ or ‘covenant’, ‘covenant between God and man’. 

It is also interesting that Gen. 15:18 uses this same word ‘beriyth’, aka ‘covenant’ in what is now termed the ‘Abrahamic covenant’.

Verse 27 is the final 1 period of 7 left in God's pledge to Israel and Jerusalem. 

In verse 24 God had determined 70 periods of 7 upon Israel and Jerusalem; and He has applied 69 of these 7s as a sign of the Messiah's coming.  

‘In-context grammatical interpretation and transliteration’ of Hebrew of words, applied to the remaining 1 period of 7 can only be referring to the 70 periods of 7 covenant.

However, when verse 27 reads "He shall confirm the covenant", this is in reference to the covenant / pledge God had made to the people (Israel), the Holy City (Jerusalem).  Obviously, God can only confirm His covenant with Israel and Jerusalem IF they existed.  This had not been the case from 70 A.D. to until the1948 formation of Israel and 1967 recapture of Jerusalem! 

Now that they the people (Israel), and the “Holy City” (Jerusalem) exists, God’s’70 periods covenant / pledge’ will be completed.

I.e.  Just as the first 69 periods of 7 announced the Messiah, God has now initiated a completion of His full 70 periods of 7 covenant; for the final 1 period of 7 with His people and the Holy City:


Vs. 24b “To finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy.”


This is the ultimate purpose of God’s covenant / pledge.  In other words, a completion of God’s plan of redemption for mankind!

However, The Pre-Trib. interpretation of the antichrist  making a covenant is not supported either grammatically or hermeneutically.  This is a heretical change in Scripture from the word "confirm" to "make". 

Satan cannot / would not confirm God's pledge / covenant between God and man; as stated in verse 24 for the final 1 period of 7. This is Replacement Theology at its worst, resulting in eliminating the most profound prophecies related to Yeshua's Return.  

Can you see how satan has virtually eliminated these 2 pledges by God to Israel, through this interpretation? There is much more to this total topic, but this is a good start.

Praying for our "rightly dividing of the truth", that we may walk in His wisdom, led by His Spirit


King James Version

Dan. 9:24

Seventy weeks[a] are determined
      For your people and for your holy city,
      To finish the transgression,
      To make an end of[b] sins,
      To make reconciliation for iniquity,
      To bring in everlasting righteousness,
      To seal up vision and prophecy,
      And to anoint the Most Holy.

Dan. 9:24   God’s Covenant of 70 periods of 7

Seventy  h7657 shib`iym

weeks   h7620 shabuwa`

are determined   h2852 חתך chathak ;   Decreed

Outline of Biblical Usage


     1) to divide, determine

     a) (Niphal) to be determined, be decreed, be settled, be marked out  


Dan. 9:27  NKJV

And he shall confirm the covenant with many for 1 period of 7 in the midst of the week, he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease.  And for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate, even unto the consummation; and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate.

Lexicon / Concordance for Daniel 9:27

 English (KJV)  (Help)


Root Form (Hebrew)


And he shall confirm

(Confirm as reference to a covenant or pledge)



גבר gabar


the covenant;

(pledge; between God and man)



ברית bĕriyth


with many



רב rab


for one



אחד 'echad





שבוע shabuwa`


and in the midst



חצי chetsiy


of the week



שבוע shabuwa`


he shall cause the sacrifice

(sacrifice; sacrifices of righteousness; sacrifices of strife; sacrifices to dead things; the covenant sacrifice; the Passover; annual sacrifice; thank offering – bloodless offerings)


"He" is inserted and Not defined




זבח zebach


and the oblation

(offering, present, oblation, sacrifice, meat offering; gift, present; offering (to God); grain offering)

(Not Sin offerings - But,

free will Offerings)




מנחה minchah


to cause to cease,



שבת shabath


and for the overspreading

(to the extremities of the earth)



כנף kanaph


of abominations

(abominable/detestable things)



שקוץ shiqquwts


[he] shall make [it] desolate,

(make waste/make desolate)


Note: "He" is inserted and Not defined


שמם shamem


even until the consummation,

(to accomplish complete destruction)



כלה kalah


and that determined;

(mutilate, to cut, to be decisive)



חרץ charats

shall be poured

(God-decreed wrath)



נתך nathak

upon the desolate.

(destroyed; made desolate)



שמם shamem

Strong's H1285 - bĕriyth





ber·ēth' (Key)

Part of Speech

feminine noun

Root Word (Etymology)

From בָּרָה (H1262) (in the sense of cutting [like בָּרָא (H1254)])

TWOT Reference


Outline of Biblical Usage

1) covenant, alliance, pledge

a) between men  [Note: Not in Context]

1) treaty, alliance, league (man to man)

2) constitution, ordinance (monarch to subjects)

3) agreement, pledge (man to man)

4) alliance (of friendship)

5) alliance (of marriage)

b) between God and man

         [Note:  In Context with 70 periods of 7 "determined" between God and Israel]

1) alliance (of friendship)

2) covenant (divine ordinance with signs or pledges)

2) (phrases)

a) covenant making

b) covenant keeping

c) covenant violation


lexicon Results

Strong's H2782 - charats





khä·rats' (Key)

Part of Speech


Root Word (Etymology)

A primitive root

TWOT Reference


Outline of Biblical Usage

1) to cut, sharpen, decide, decree, determine, maim, move, be decisive, be mutilated

a) (Qal)

1) to cut, mutilate

2) to sharpen

3) to decide

b) (Niphal) to be decisive

Authorized Version (KJV) Translation Count — Total: 12

AVdetermined 6, move 2, decide 1, bestir 1, maim 1, decreed 1


Literal Hebrew Transliteration and English Equivalent of

Dan. 9:27 with Strongs References:

To confirm / strengthen a covenant (gabar; H1396) a covenant / pledge / alliance / between God and man (beriyth; H1285), [with] many (rab; H7227), one [1], (echad; H259), period of seven days (shabua; H7620),

[after 3.5 years]; [in the] middle/midst/one-half (chetsiy; H2677) [of the 7-year period], thank-offerings and sacrifices of  righteousness (zebach; H2077) offerings (bloodless offerings), and meat offerings and grain offerings to a divinity without blood (minchah; H4503) are caused to cease, (shabath; H7673) to the extremities of the earth (knaph; H3671),

abominable / detestable things (shiqquwts; H8251), make waste / make desolate (shamem; H8074).  

To accomplish / complete destruction (kalah; H3617), to be decisive; determined/ decree / to mutilate (charats; H2782) destroyed / made desolate (shamem; H8074) God decreed to pour out His wrath (nathak; H5413)


Daniel 9:27 Basic Literal Translation - see above

And God shall confirm His covenant (of 70 periods of 7 upon the people and the city of Jerusalem) with them for 1 period of 7.  In the middle of this 7-year period bloodless sacrificial offerings of thank-offerings, burnt offerings, grain offerings and meat offerings offered to God will cease; to the ends of the earth abominable detestable things make waste / desolate; God’s decree to accomplish complete destruction by the pouring out of His own anger / wrath.



And God shall confirm His covenant of 70 periods of 7 upon the people (Israel) and the Holy City of Jerusalem with them for 1 period of 7.  In the middle of the 7-year tribulation period, offerings of praise and commitment to God will caused to be ceased by abominable / detestable things that make desolate and wasted.  All the earth will be destroyed as decreed by God by His wrath. 



"AND He (God) shall CONFIRM* (strengthen) the (His) Covenant / Promise (of  70 periods of 7  - upon the people (Israel) & the city (Jerusalem) with many for one week (1 period of 7)."    (Only God can confirm the last 70th 7 of v.24) (69 -7s of v.25 related to Jesus' 1st coming) and in the midst of the week (7yr. period) He (God) shall cause (allow) the sacrifice ** (sacrifices of praise; i.e. burnt offerings - not blood sacrifices for sin)  to cease (thru His permissive Will, allowing the antichrist’s activities to cause "Tribulation"  *** during Seals 1-6; Rev. 6 & Mth. 24:5-29-31), and for the overspreading of abominations he (antichrist) shall make it desolate, even until the consummation ("Day of the Lord & His Wrath" i.e. End of the Age), and that determined (God’s wrath upon breaking the 7th seal, and opening the Scroll listing the 7 trumpets and 7 bowls of God's WRATH) shall be poured upon the desolate ( i.e. the unrepentant during "tribulation").

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Reference: “Spiritual  vs.  Physical Temple



Reference:  Ezekiel’s Temple