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DANIEL 9:24 – 27

70 WEEKS PROPHECY

Jesus' 1st & 2nd Coming Prophecy Correlations

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Also See: INTERPRETATIVE CHART

Daniel 9 :24 "Seventy weeks (70 Periods of 7) are determined upon the people and upon thy holy city (Jerusalem), to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy."  (God’s Covenant / Promise)

         Jesus' 1st Coming:

Vs 25:  "Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince shall be seven weeks, and threescore and two (69) weeks; or 69 periods of 7’s in other versions: the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troubled times."

 Jesus' 1st Coming Timing & Date Calculations:

According to Daniel 9 :24-25 a period of 69 7-year periods, or 483 Prophetic Years (69x7) would pass until the coming of the Messiah.  Biblical prophetic years are 360 days long. 

Nissan 1,  445 BC   To   Sivan 6,  30 AD:

(Sivan is the 3rd month of the “Biblical Calendar”)

483 prophetic years =  476.06766  Gregorian calendar years

          360 day Prophetic Year:

42 months as equivalent to 3.5 years or 1260 days. 

See also Daniel 12:7-12  and  Rev. 11:2-3, 12:6 and 13:5

69 periods of 7 years;  69 x 7 = 483 prophetic years

483 years x 360 days per prophetic year = 173,880 prophetic calendar days.

"King Artaxerxes decreed in the month of Nissan, the order to restore and rebuild Jerusalem" (Neh. 2:1-8).   This may have been on the 1st day of the Jewish month of Nissan in 445 BC.  

173,880 prophetic calendar days later, the gift of the Holy Spirit was given on Sivan 6, 30 A.D.  as prophesied.

A.D. dates adjusted to our Gregorian calendar of 365.2422 days per astronomical / solar year.* 173,880 / 365.2422 = 476.06766 Gregorian calendar years;  445 + 31 = 476;  includes year zero.

Sivan 6 is the day on which the Feast of Weeks; aka Pentecost is celebrated!  It is also the month the Law was given to Moses that brings forth the knowledge of sin.  Now the Spirit of life has been given!

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JESUS' 2ND COMING PROPHECY

Vs. 24:  "Seventy weeks (70 Periods of 7) are determined upon the people and upon thy holy city (Jerusalem), to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy."

(Completed at Rev. 16:17-21, 17:1 & Ezk. 38:18, 39:6,8,11-12, 21)

         Jesus' 1st Coming:

Vs 25:  "Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince shall be 69 periods of 7’s."

 

See:  DANIEL 9:27 Hebrew Transliteration and English Equivalents

 

Jesus' 2nd  Coming:

Vs. 27:  "And He shall CONFIRM* the covenant for one week (aka 1 period of 7):  and in the midst of the week He  shall cause the sacrifice and the offerings to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations He  shall make it desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate."

Vs. 27:  (Amplified) "AND He (God) shall CONFIRM* (strengthen) the (His) Covenant / Promise (of  70 periods of 7  - upon the people & the city - Jerusalem) with many for one week (1 period of 7)."    (Only God can confirm the last 70th 7 of vs 24) (69 -7s of vs 25 related to Jesus' 1st coming)

and in the midst of the week (7yr. period) He (God) shall cause (allow) the sacrifice ** (sacrifices of praise; i.e. burnt offerings - not blood sacrifices for sin)  to cease (thru His permissive Will, allowing the antichrist’s activities to cause "Tribulation"  *** during Seals 1-6; Rev. 6 & Mth. 24:5-29-31), and for the overspreading of abominations he (antichrist) shall make it desolate, even until the consummation ("Day of the Lord & His Wrath" i.e. End of the Age), and that determined (God’s wrath upon breaking the 7th seal, and opening the Scroll listing the 7 trumpets and 7 bowls of God's WRATH) shall be poured upon the desolate ( i.e. the unrepentant during "tribulation"). 

For further details see: End of the Age

This all, of course, goes back to include the original hermeneutical position of defining "Tribulation' & "Wrath" as not being synonymous!

If hermeneutic principles are correctly applied, "Tribulation" and "Wrath" are not synonymous.

The rapture comes after tribulation, but before the “Day of the Lord and His wrath”,as clearly stated by Jesus Himself in Matt. 24:5-31 and as supported by many other Scriptures such as Rev. 6 and Joel 2:31.

*Sacrifices  
Note:  Antichrist's efforts are to stop "Praise & Commitment to God" sacrificial offerings, NOT Blood Sacrifices, already atoned for by Jesus.

2 of 4 Sacrificial Offerings Are Praise Offerings to God, Not Sin:

Burnt Offerings:  Represents complete submission to God's will.  

          Ezek.  46:1-2, 12    See also Lev. 1:3-5 (i.e. Jesus)

Peace Offering:  Expresses gratitude to God & has nothing to do with sin.

            Lev. 7:11-12, 15

Sin Offering:  Sin through ignorance of the law - an offense to God, Lev. 4:2, 13

Trespass or Guilt Offering Leviticus chapters 5 & 6

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See:

DANIEL 9 :24-27 Seventy Weeks (70-Weeks) ESCHATOLOGY PROPHECY HERMENEUTICS  

DANIEL 9:27 Hebrew Transliteration and English Equivalents - GRAMMAR CHART

http://www.feastsofthelord.net/id175.html


 

*CONFRM:  Regarding Daniel 9 :27: 

“He shall confirm the covenant” (of 70 periods of 7).

Confirm is from the Hebrew word higbir” (Hiph'il form of the verb Gabar) meaning “to confirm (a covenant), to strengthen”. 

Dan. 9:27  “And He shall confirm

גבר   Gabar  Strongs:  h1396

Tense:  Stem:  Hiphil,   Aspect: Perfect

Gabar in it’s Hyphil form (Higbir) means ‘confirm

Verb Forms of “GABAR”:  QAL, PIEL, HIPHIL  and Hithpael.

      a) (Qal)

          1) to be strong, mighty

          2) to prevail

      b) (Piel) to make strong, to strengthen   

                 Mistranslated in NASB as:

                "to make a strong covenant";

                then metamorphically  to:

                "to make a  covenant

                  

                Consequently, changing the original meaning;

                Rather than correctly translated as

                "to make strong”, or “to strengthen” a covenant.

  

See: Hebrew / Greek Lexicon and Hebrew / Greek / English Interlinear Bible

However, the New American Standard (NASB) incorrectly translates higbir”  to the English verb: “to make” (karat / poieo in Hebrew / Greek) rather; than “to confirm” or “to strengthen”. 

The NASB infers there was NO pre-existing covenant “to confirm” or “to strengthen”. This incorrect translation by the NASB literally changes Scripture, to it’s detriment. 

"To make" is NOT synonymous with "to confirm".

NASB translation “to make” is used heretically to infer the antichrist “makes” a “covenant with the people and the city of Jerusalem”, and consequently, causes major eschatological interpretation consequences!

This is satan’s counterfeit at it’s best, distorting God’s prophecy of His second coming!  Unfortunately, Pre-Tribulation theology uses this translation in justifying the antichrist “making” a covenant with Israel at the beginning of the 7-year ‘tribulation’ period.

It is imperative that a correct translation ‘to confirm’ or ‘to strengthen’ a covenant be used to show the importance of God’s continued covenant of the full “70 periods of 7s’ with “the people and the CITY OF JERUSALEM”.

Note the ‘confirmation’ or ‘strengthening’ of the entire covenant includes the ability to rebuild “Jerusalem”, and applies equally to both periods (69 7’s & the last 70th 7).  Therefore the ability to rebuild Jerusalem is a key “sign” related to both the 1st & 2nd prophecies related to Jesus' coming!

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*** Tribulation:   Reference Matt. 24:8,21,29 and  Rev. 6:9  7:9,14

Peirasmos, Peirasai:  Tribulation / Trials / Temptations / to Test, to Try, to Tempt.

ThlipsisTribulation / Distress / Affliction / Persecution

“Tribulation” / ‘Peirasmos’ & ‘Thlipsis / Thlupsis described in Matthew 24:5 – 29 is also concurrently described by John in Revelation chapter 6 for the first 6 seals

The Expository Dictionary of Biblical Words by W.E. Vine combined commentary on 2 Peter 2:9 and Rev. 3:10-12Peirasmos states:

"The verb is used of testing as permitted by God, and of the believer as one who should be in the realization of his own helplessness and his dependence upon God.

"The noun is used of trials with beneficial purposes and effect, also of trials or temptations Divinely permitted or sent,  i.e.  2 Peter 2:9  “to prove” or “to try” and in Rev. 3:10 'trial or temptation'."

Wrath:  Reference Rev. 6:17

Ebrah / Orges (Hebrew / Greek)Wrath / Anger / Indignation / Vengeance

Wrath translated from Hebrew word Ebrah (Orges in Greek); Strong’s #5678 connotes the “overflowing fury of God”; and is only used in conjunction with "Day of the Lord" wrath after the 7 th seal in Rev. 8 is broken, and the scroll of God’s ‘wrath’ is opened.  “Wrath” of God / Jesus, listed in Revelation Chapters 8 –16, is then poured out in Judgment upon the unrepentant.

See the following  for further clarification on ‘tribulation’ and ‘wrath’:

Tribulation to Rapture to Wrath 

Day of the Lord & His Wrath 

Pre Wrath Rapture

             ESCHATOLOGY SUMMARY
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DANIEL 9:27 

Verse 27 is very complex, and deserves an in-depth study for total scriptural understanding on this matter.  First, an overview outline description will be provided.  However, proof is in understanding a multitude of Scripture, which are provided by links for further study.

The First key to understanding is the importance of the city of Jerusalem in God's covenant for the entire Seventy Weeks or 70 periods of seven.  Secondly, in verses 24 to 26, prophecy was completed by Jesus in his first coming of 69 periods of seven.  Verse 27 states that God is confirming His covenant the remaining 1 period of 7 years (the 70th 7).  Third, it is important to understand that there are two types of sacrifices:  praise offerings, and blood sacrifices, the latter which have been satisfied by Jesus.  Consequently, it is the sacrificial offerings of praise and commitment to God that the antichrist makes efforts to cease.  Fourthly, this time of tribulation caused by satan is God's permissive will to allow tribulation upon the people for the purpose of causing repentance, during the Sixth Seals, before God pours out His wrath upon the unrepentant at the Seventh Seal.  Fifthly, it is essential to understand the difference between "tribulation" and "wrath".  Sixth, we in this world are subject to tribulation (John 16:33), but not God's wrath for those who believe.  Seventh, Jesus in Matthew 24:5-31, and John in Revelation Chapter 6 describes this period as a “tribulation”; up until the Sixth Seal.   Eighth, upon the breaking of the Seventh Seal, the scroll is opened,; thus exposing God's wrath as described by the seven trumpets and seven bowls.   Reference: vs. 27.5  "He (antichrist) shall make it desolate, even until the consummation (End i.e. End of the Age at the Feast of Atonement / Judgment), and that determined (God’s wrath at the 7th seal) shall be poured upon the desolate" (the unrepentant at the opening of the 7th seal).  Ninth, this completes the one period of seven, or in other words, the 70th 7-year period.   

Thus, God's purpose as stated in verse 24 is now completed. 

 

Reference:

"END OF THE AGE"   –   SIGNS OF JESUS' COMING 

DANIEL  9:  24-27  PROPHECY 

LAST DAYS DATA  

Tribulation to Rapture to Wrath 

Day of the Lord & His Wrath 

Pre Wrath Rapture

ESCHATOLOGY SUMMARY

 
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Jesus' 2nd coming Prophecy Fulfilled:

“Jerusalem Shall Be Trodden Down,  UNTIL The Times Of The Gentiles Be Fulfilled.”  Luke 21:24

1948 Israel became a nation + 70 years to the completion of all things:  1948 + 70 = 2019 - marks completion at Jubilee. 

In the 1967 war, Israel regained control of Jerusalem.   1967 + 50 years to Jubilee = 2018.

                A valid “sign” of the “end of the age” of Jesus 2nd coming for the following reason: 

Daniel 9:24  "Seventy weeks (70 Periods of 7) are determined upon the people and upon thy holy city (Jerusalem).

God’s covenant with both, the people and the “holy city” (Jerusalem) could not have been confirmed without the existence of both Israel, AND Israel’s control of Jerusalem!

This ALSO correlates with the following 3 sequences of events:

First:  1967 + 40 year generation + 10 years “Days of Repentance / Affliction” from the Feast of Trumpets to the Feast of Atonement; Culminating at the Year of Jubilee on the 50th year. 

Secondly:  1967+50 to Jubilee (7x7+1=50)

7 Sabbatical 7-year periods, including the last 7-year Tribulational period (aka 7 periods of 7 + 1 (Jubilee) culminating at the Year of Jubilee in the 50th year

Thirdly: it correlates with the period of time between the Feast of Passover aka the Crucifixion, and the Feast of Weeks aka Pentecost:

7-weeks of 7-days plus one day; (7 x 7 + 1 = 50).

Note 2008 is 60 years from 1948 & 40 years from 1967 (prophetically) leaving 10 years in both cases to completion.

For Additional Information See:  Last Days Prophetic Data & Calendar.

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B.C. & A.D. Dates

Arithmatic Calculation & Verifications:

Nissan 1,  445 B.C.   To   Sivan 6,  30 A.D.

483 prophetic years =  476 Gregorian calendar years

69 periods of 7 years;  69 x 7 = 483 prophetic years

483 years x 360 days per prophetic year = 173,880 prophetic calendar days.

173,880 days divided by 354 days per lunar (Biblical Calendar) year = 491.18644  lunar years.

354 lunar (Biblical Calendar) days per lunar year  x  .18644 lunar years  =  66 lunar days.

Note:  66 lunar days divided by 29.53057396 lunar days per month  =  2 lunar months plus 7 days; a.k.a.

Pentecost / Feast of Weeks on the 6th day of Sivan; the  6th day of the 3rd month.

Therefore: 491.18644 lunar years (354 x 491 + 66 lunar days)  = 173,880 days:

Nissan 1, 445 BC   +   173,880 days  =  Sivan 6,  30 A.D.

(A.D. dates adjusted to our Gregorian calendar of 365.2422 days per astronomical year.* 173,880 / 365.2422 = 476 Gregorian calendar years; 445 + 31 = 476; includes year zero)

On Nissan 1, 445 B.C. Artexerexes decreed * to rebuild Jerusalem. 

Add 491 lunar years, 2 lunar months plus 7 days =  Sivan 6

(Feast of Weeks / Pentecost).   

*The exact date of King Artexerexes' decree is unknown, other than the month of Nissan, as stated in Neh. 2:1-8.  Therefore, his order could have been anywhere in the month, other than the 1st day.

Also on the 3rd month, the law was given to Moses; that brings forth the knowledge of sin.  Now the Spirit of life is given!

Gregorian Calendar  Vs.  Lunar (Biblical) Calendar:

483 Prophetic years = 476 Gregorian years = 491 Lunar calendar years:  

173,880 days from Nissan 1 in 445 BC to Sivan 6  in 30 A.D.

445 + 31 = 476 Gregorian years; includes year zero

Lunar Calendar:  491. 18644 years   

(173,880 divided by 354 days per year)

.18644 = 66 days at 354 days per lunar year;

2 mo. 7 days @ 29.5 days/mo.

i.e. Sivan 6, 30 AD;  The 6th day of the 3rd mo of Sivan;  aka

the Feast of Weeks /  Pentecost.

Gregorian Calendar: 476. 06766 years 

(173,880 divided by 365.2422 days per year)

.06766  = 24.7 days at 365.2422 days per year;

i.e. the 25th day of Nissan

This date has no applicable relevance.  Although some incorrectly fallen into the trap of trying to justify the 10th or 14th day of Nissan (Triumphant Entry or Passover), as the end date of March 30 or April 3rd (30 A.D.). 

By subtracting these 25 days to be March 5th or 9th (445 BC).  This is obviously wrong for the following reason:   Subtracting 25 days from Nissan 10 or 14, would result in the previous month of Adar 15 or 19.  However, King Artexerexes decreed in Neh. 2:1, 8 to ‘rebuild Jerusalem’ in “the month of Nissan”, not Adar!

The difference of 66 lunar days versus 24.7 Gregorian days is due to the fact that the Gregorian calendar is 365.2422 days per year, and the Lunar Calendar year is 354 days per year. Given that the Biblical Calendar is a 354 day year, it becomes the most accurate method to apply. Because the Biblical feasts calendar is a lunar calendar, these 66 days are then added onto Nissan 1 to obtain the end date of Sivan 6; i.e. the Feast of Weeks, aka Pentecost.

Nissan 10:  Jesus' triumphant entry 

Nissan 14:  Passover / Crucifixion   

(Plus 7 weeks of 7 days + 1 day = 50; aka Pentecost)

Nissan 16:  Jesus' Resurrection             

Sivan     6:  Pentecost  (Nissan 1 plus 66 days)

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         CALENDARING  OF  FEASTS  METHODOLOGY:

A Biblical year is a Lunar (moon) Calendar 354 days long.  The Biblical Calendar for feasts is initiated by the first sliver of a new moon, and marks the beginning of a month, which is always a sabbath, and the 1st day of the month (even when a leap month is added); thereby determining when the feasts will be held per Leviticus Chapter 23.  Consequently, the feasts always fall on the same day of the week every year.   See Feasts Calendars.  Note: The Biblical calendar year spans the Gregorian calendar years from the first month of Nissan; in approximately April or May.

In contrast, the Jewish Calendar year averages  363.3 days per year; which is comprised of 12 lunar months with 29.530573496 astronomical days per month; for a 354-day year, except on leap years where an extra month is added in to adjust to solar reckoning: 

To approximately adjust to a solar calendar, a leap month called Adar II comprised of 29 days, is added on: the 3rd, 6th, 8th, 11th, 14th and 17th year based upon a 19 year cycle. This calendar is often (incorrectly) called a “lunar /solar” calendar.  Unfortunately it is neither, or a correct hybrid.

In contrast, a Solar Calendar is 365.2422 days per year; compared to today’s Gregorian Calendar of 30.43685 astronomical days, per month, average.  Note: the Gregorian calendar replaced the earlier, less accurate Julian calendar.

Jewish Calendaring of Feasts today:   Today’s Jewish calendars superimpose a 354-day lunar calendar (Including a leap month Adar II) onto the Gregorian calendar of 365.2422 days per year.  Consequently, the feasts then fall on a different day each year, rather than on the same day when based on a lunar calendar; as God had ordained in Leviticus 23. 

Christian Calendaring of Feasts, such as the “Feast of Passover”; aka Crucifixion of Jesus”, or the “Feast of First Fruits”; aka “Easter, or the “Feast of Weeks”; aka Pentecost:  The Christian calendaring of these feasts is also inaccurate.  This is due to the overlaying of a lunar calendar, on top of a modern Gregorian calendar, then purposefully adjusting the feasts to fall on predetermined days;  i.e. the Crucifixion on Passover to be on a Friday.

In contrast to this is the Biblical Prophetic Calendar of 360 days per year.  See Rev. 11:2-3, 12:6, 13:5 and Dan. 12:7-12, which indicate 42 months as equivalent to 3.5 years or 1260 days; 360 days per year (also used by Babylonians).  This is the calendar used in prophecy of Jesus 1st coming in Daniel 9:24-26, then reconciled with the other calendaring methods mentioned.


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                          Prophetically  When  1  DAY  =  1 YEAR  Or  1,000 YEARS:

1  DAY  =   1  YEAR  Prophetically, when applied to man:

Prophecy is related to man’s redemption, such as Daniel 9:24-27 69 7’s of days being 483 prophetic years, or the 10 Days (years) of Awe / Repentance between the Feast of Trumpets & Feast of Atonement, or the corresponding 10 days of tribulation in Rev. 2:8-11

"Seventy weeks (KJV; 70 periods of  7, NIV) are determined ..."  Daniel 9:24

"I have appointed you each day for a year.Ezek. 4:6

"After the number of the days in which you searched the land, forty days, each day for a year  "   Num. 14:34

"For the day of the LORD'S vengeance, the year of atonement for the controversy of Zion.Isa. 34:8

"To proclaim the acceptable year of the LORD, and the day of vengeance of our God; to comfort all that mourn .."   Isa. 61:2

"For the day of vengeance in Mine heart, and the year of My redeemed is come."  Is. 63:4

1 DAY  =  1,000 YEARS prophetically, when applied to God:

I.e. Jubilee / Millennial Kingdom:

“One day with the Lord is as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day . . .  we, according too His promise, look for new heavens and a new earth, wherein dwells righteousness."  2 Peter 3:8 & 13

Just as 6 days of the week were meant for man and the 7th day (Sabbath) was meant for honoring God, so also are the 6 Feasts related to man’s redemption and the 7th Feast of Tabernacles related to an eternity with God.  This follows the logic of when 1 day is prophetically speaking of 1 year (e.g. Ezek. 4:6) when referring to man’s redemption, or when 1 day is prophetically speaking of 1,000 years (2 Peter 3:8 & 13) when referring to God as with Jubilee / Millennial Kingdom.

Note the Year of Jubilee / Millennial Kingdom starts on the 11th day of the 7th month (the day following the Feast of Atonement / Judgment on the 10th day).  The Feast of Tabernacles is not until the 15th day.  Therefore, it could possibly be another 4,000 years after the Millennial Kingdom to the Feast of Tabernacles.

This possibility can be seen in Rev. 20 which states that satan will be released after 1,000 years of Millennial Kingdom, then a Gog / Magog  battle will occur, then the "Great White Throne Judgment", and finally completed with the Feast of Tabernacles i.e. a "New Heavens & New Earth".

The relationship of the feasts then to God’s ordained Numerical Sequences:

7 day  week ending on a Sabbath

7 months of 7 feasts ending on the ultimate Sabbath, the Feast of Tabernacles

7 years culminating in a Sabbatical year

7 Sabbatical years of 7 years culminating at the Year of Jubilee

7 weeks of 7 days to the Feast of Weeks / Shavuot / Pentecost

70 periods of 7 (Daniel 9:24-27) “End of the Age” prophecy

7 year period at the End of the Age (Daniel 9:24-27’s:  The  70th  7 year period)

70 years symbol of Completion; , see Jer. 29:10-14    30:3,7,11,24    31:31-34, 38-40.

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See the following Primary ESCHATOLOGY LINKS:

ESCHATOLOGY SUMMARY 

INTERPRETATIVE CHART

NUMEROLOGICAL SEQUENTIAL CORRELATIONS

LAST DAYS DATA   *

JESUS’  “PAROUSIA” / “COMING”  *  

Also See:  DANIEL SlideShow

                                and  VIDEO CLIP

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Caveat:

Dates stated are not absolute predictions of prophecy fulfillment. However, this Analysis IS a compilation of Scriptures that deserve thoughtful CONSIDERATION so that we might prepare for a Possible  “Season” of our Lord’s return; which calls us to RESPONSIBLE reactions of our Hearts in service to God.  In this way we are building a “Nehemiah type wall of Spiritual Protection” in preparation for overcome the future trials / tribulation / temptations to deny Christ as Lord and God.  

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                              Prepare Ye The Way Of The Lord

 

Reference: “Spiritual  vs.  Physical Temple

http://www.feastsofthelord.net/feastoftabernacles/id78.html

 

Reference:  Ezekiel’s Temple

http://www.feastsofthelord.net/feastoftabernacles/id70.html