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R.O. and IONIZER WATER FILTRATION REVIEW ANALYSIS

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WATER  IONIZERS,  REVERSE OSMOSIS,

GRAVITY FEED and

HOME MADE WATER FILTRATION SYSTEMS

REVIEWS    

Plus LIME  REMOVAL  WATER  ANALYSIS

  By  FeastsOfTheLord.Net

 

COMPARABLE  WATER  FILTRATION / IONIZER  SYSTEMS  ANALYSIS / REVIEW

WATER SOURCE

COST

DISCRIPTION

Grains
/  L
(GH)

GH
Hardness
(Ca+Mg)

TDS
ppm

pH

ORP
Milli-
Volts

Comment

Tap Water

0

Tap Water

6

Slightly Hard

100

8.5

170

High TDS

Berkey Filter

$200 & UP

Micro Porous, Portable, Gravity-fed Filter

4

Soft

40

8.5

130

Low TDS @ 8,5

 

4 STAGE

Reverse Osmosis (RO)

$200 & UP

Micro Porous Membrane Filter

6 Gal. tank @ 22 psi for Ionizer min psi

1

Very Soft

20

9.0

90

 

RO +  Suppliment
Calcium Glycerophosphate

$200 & UP

R.O. plus Disolved Supplement of

130 mg Ca. per Liter / 1pH increase

9

Mod Hard

60

8.5

100

Low TDS @ 8,5
Low ORP + Ca

Water Stick

$70 & UP

Ionized Resin Beads Filter

4

Soft

70

8.5

380

 

Charcoal Carbon Filter

$35

Carbon Filter

8

Slightly Hard

70

6.0

400

 

LIFE 8100

Water Ionizer

+Under Counter

+UV Light

$2,000

To

$2700

2 Filters

+ R.O. Filtration

+ Calcite

Remineralization filter

 

1 GH

 

Very Soft

City @9.0 pH, 8GH

R.O.@ 65 gr /Gal

@17 ppm CaCO3

20

9.0-10

 

+400

To

<500>

Low TDS

8.0-11 pH

High ORP

At 2 GH

 

 

Home Made 

Ionizing Water Machine

 

$150

 

 Ionization

of "Berkey" or R.O. Filtered Water

Plus 1-4 tablets "Prelief" per liter

(130 mg.Calcium per tablet)

12

Hard

 60

8 - 9

<200>

To

<500>


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Ca  &  Mg  = Calcium and Magnesium ;  

                       water hardness.

GH          =     Grains of Hardness rating with:

Ca+         =     Calcium Carbonate and

                       Calcium Bicarbonate

Lime       =     Calcium Hydroxide (pH increase only)

                       (No GH & No ionization potential)

GPG        =     Water Hardness is measured  in
                       Grains  per  Gallon  (GPG)  

                       or  Mg / L  or  PPM

 

1 Grain (GH)    =   65 Mg  of Ca+  per  Gal. ( 3.8 L) 

                              @ 17 mg/L; 17.2 ppm /L

 

1 dGH = degrees of General Hardness = 10mgCa/L

6.5   dGH   =  1GH  =  65mg Ca+ =  65 ppm

=====================================

Grains

Ca+ mg/L
or ppm

Rating

0 - 1.0

< 17.2

Soft

1 - 3.5

17.2 - 60

Slightly Hard

3.5 - 7.0

60 - 120

Mod. Hard

7.0 - 10.5

120 - 180

Hard

> 10.5

> 180

Very Hard

12

205

 

13

223

Add 1 Prefilter

16

273

 

17

290

Add 2 Prefilters

 

1 Mg Ca + / L = 1  ppm   =  (parts per million)

17mg  Ca+ / L =  17 ppm

17mgCa+ / L * 3.8L= 65mg Ca+/Gal.

                                            =1GH = 65mg/ppm Ca+

 

 

  Soft / Hard Water

Ca/Mg
PPM/L

dGH/L

Ca/Mg
mg /L

dGH Gal.
(3.8L)

Grains
per
Liter

Ca/Mg
mg/3.8L

Grains
per
Gal.

Very Soft

10

1

10

3.8

0.5846

38

0.6

1 Grain  of Hardness

17

1.7

17.2

6.46

0.9997

65

1.0

Soft

40

4

40

15.2

2.3385

152

2.3

Slightly Hard

80

8

80

30.4

4.677

304

4.7

ORP         =    Oxidation / Reduction Potential:  

 

An electrical charge due to additional

positive charged Hydrogen (H+) ions at 1- 7 pH,

                       Or  

Hydrogen (OH-) ions at 7- 14 pH

 

TDS        =      Total Dissolved Solids

 

pH          =      Potential Hydrogen; 

                       The net difference measurement of free 

                       H +    ions   @    1- 7 pH    

                       OH -  ions   @  7- 14 pH

 

One pH increase in ionized water  requires 2GH / 130 mg Ca+

 

 

CITY OF LENEXA, KANSAS - WATER LIME REMOVAL COMPLAINT

HEALTH HAZARD And WATER- IONIZER MALFUNCTION

ANALYSIS And SOLUTION

 

We have triple-checked the R.O. system and even replaced it with another R.O. system to verify it is functioning properly, however the Water-Ionizer ($3,000 purchase) fails to develop any negative ORP water as a result of excessive lime placed into the city water system.

 

The initial tap water is 9.3 to 9.9 pH with a general hardness (GH) level of 3 or 4

After the R.O. the water hardness level decreases to 1 or 2 (GH) grains of hardness (65 – 130mg Calcium Carbonate), but the pH is still 9.3 to 9.9. 

Note One pH increase in ionized water requires 2GH; 130 mg Calcium Carbonate, consequently the water ionizer can not function as designed.

In other words, the Calcium Carbonate and Calcium Bicarbonate has been largely removed, but the Calcium Hydroxide (Lime) is not removed by filtration through use of any R.O. system and the water-ionizer will not develop ionized water.

 

The city of Lenexa, Kansas water department lab has confirmed they used the Lime to stabilize the water pH between 9.3 and 9.9 in order to preserve the piping (see WaterOne.com technical water report).

 

Lime is defined as Calcium oxide dissolved in water to form Calcium Hydroxide

 

Carbon Dioxide is required in order to precipitate the Calcium Hydroxide  into a Calcium Carbonate or Calcium Bicarbonate to enable removal by filtration.  That is why the city systems use Lime to increase the pH level so high that it is practically undrinkable but preserves their piping. 

 

If the city water is put through an RO, then a water ionizer, the initial water at a pH of 9.3 to 9.9 is increased to a pH of 10.0 to 11.0 with a negative ORP of zero to 20

 

However, by placing a Pentex GS-10als in-line water filter after the R.O. system, then a Calcite remineralization filter (to replace 130 mg. of Calcium Carbonate or Calcium Bicarbonate) this enables the water ionizer to obtain up to a negative 700 ORP reading, but the pH is still 10.0 to 11.0 (depending upon the level of amperage applied by the Ionizer).


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osmonicsfiltspectrum.jpg

SITE  FOOTER

 

WATER IONIZER  PURCHASE  RECOMMENDATION:

 

LIFE IONIZER  MODEL 8100

WITH  U.V. LIGHT

(Under Counter with Faucet)

http://www.lifeionizers.com/

PLUS 

 

5 STAGE

REVERSE OSMOSIS FILTER SYSTEM 

With a Calcite

 REMINERALIZATION CARTRIDGE

See Videos:

 

Product Specification Comparisons    http://vimeo.com/11904850

 

Product pH And ORP Comparisons Tests  http://vimeo.com/11249429

Ionized alkaline water and acid ionized water made by electrolysis have the following chemical characteristics:

(+)2H20  -à  O2 + 4H+ + 4e- + 1.229v(Eo)

(-)2H20 + 2e- -à H2 + 2OH-  + 0.828v(Eo)

With electrolysis, the water at the cathode or negative pole produces alkaline ionized water (OH-) and positively charged ionized minerals such as calcium, magnesium, sodium and potassium.

Consequently the anode (+) pole has hydrogen (H+) ions because the oxygen gas (O2) generates acidic ions such as chlorine, sulfur and phosphorus.

 

 

  

NADH.JPG

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