Dan. 9:27  “And He shall confirm

גבר   Gabar  Strongs:  h1396

Tense:  Stem:  Hiphil,   Aspect: Perfect

Gabar in it’s Hyphil form (Higbir) means ‘confirm

 

Verb Forms of “GABAR”:  QAL, PIEL, HIPHIL

       a) (Qal)

          1) to be strong, mighty

          2) to prevail

       b) (Piel) to make strong , to strengthen   

                 Mistranslated in NASB as:

                "to make a strong covenant";

                then further perverting the original meaning to:

                "to make a  covenant

                  

                Consequently, changing the original meaning;

                Rather than correctly translated as

                "to make strong”, or “to strengthen” a covenant.

  

 

           Or, more accurately: 

           "To strengthen" or "confirm "in context are "Causative" in action,

           and therefore a Hiphil verb form, not a Piel intensive verb.  

       c) (Hiphil);  [Higbir]

          1) to confirm, give strength

          2) to confirm (a covenant).

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Linguistic Hermeneutical Principles to Be Applied

 “Hermeneutics is the art of finding the meaning of an author’s words and phrases, and of explaining it to others.”  

 

Hermeneutical foundations must first be carefully applied.  To draw conclusions by any other means has no value. 

 

Without such a foundation to determine the true meaning of a passage of Scripture, conclusions are subject to personal opinions. 

 

For instance in Dan. 9:24 and 27:

 

On a hermeneutical basis; ‘What covenant is being confirmed’ in verse 24?

1.  Is the grammatical chart presented correct or incorrect?

If correct, then the covenant being confirmed in verse 27 is God’s covenant of 70 periods of 7 (in verse 24) for 1 period of 7.  So, God is confirming / strengthening His covenant!  Therefore, the antichrist cannot be confirming / strengthening God’s covenant, or making a new covenant with Israel.

2.  If incorrect, could you elaborate as to how it is incorrect, both hermeneutically and grammatically?

 

Only by this hermeneutical manner of analysis can there be an accurate conclusion of it’s intended meaning; based upon an accurate transliteration and consequential interpretation.

 

IN CONTEXT:

         Guidelines include: The examination of the verses as a unit of thought, in the immediate context, with the passage and book as a whole.  Theologians instruct us that during Bible study, we cannot properly “determine the meaning of a passage independent of the rest of Scripture”.  Therefore, when seeking the meaning of one passage we must seek unity with all other Bible teachings related to it, particularly the words of Jesus.

 

CLEAR AND LITERAL GRAMATICAL PRINCIPLES:

   Study the context of the passage and the theme of the book.

   Look up the actual meaning of each word in the original languages.

   Note the verb tenses, the cases, and other grammatical determinants.

SCRIPTURE VERIFYING SCRIPTURE:

   Check out cross-references how the words are used in contexts.

   See how the first mention of the word or topic is presented

   Confirm interpretation with 2-3 similar passages (synonyms).

   Context is crucial within the larger narrative.

 

 Spurgeon:

 Primary attention should be given to the literal sense.

“Understand each passage in its ‘first sense’; its literal or obvious meaning.

The first sense of the passage must never be drowned it must be declared.

Your understanding must never thrust out the original and native meaning,

A passage should not be strained.

Greatest rule of sound biblical interpretation: let the Bible interpret itself.

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DANIEL 9:24-27 ENGLISH GRAMMER SENTENCE DIAGRAM CHART
 
 
 

DAN-9-DWG-LT2-R2SolidBG.jpg

The Angel States That God Has

"Determined /Decreed" 70 Periods of 7

"Determined" ; Strongs H2782 "Charats";  DecreedONLY GOD CAN CONFIRM GOD'S DECREE / COVENANT WITH ISRAEL & JERUSALEM FOR 1 PERIOD OF 7 

DAN-9-R2-Slide3.JPG

 

   

 

 

DANIEL 9:27

Hebrew Transliteration

and English Equivalents 

By  Feasts of the Lord.Net

Applied hermeneutics requires a clear and literal ‘in-context’ grammatical analysis to determine a passage of scripture’s exact meaning.

 

The key question here is verse 27 with the words "confirm" (gabar) and "covenant" (beriyth), wherein gabar in it’s hyphil form "Higbir" (used in original Hebrew scripture) means ‘confirm; confirm in reference to a covenant’; and beriyth meaning a ‘pledge’ or ‘covenant’, ‘covenant between God and man’. 

 

It is also interesting that Gen. 15:18 uses this same word ‘beriyth’, aka ‘covenant’ in what is now termed the ‘Abrahamic covenant’.

 

Verse 27 is the final 1 period of 7 left in God's pledge to Israel and Jerusalem. 

In verse 24 God had determined 70 periods of 7 upon Israel and Jerusalem; and He has applied 69 of these 7s as a sign of the Messiah's coming.  

 

‘In-context grammatical interpretation and transliteration’ of Hebrew of words, applied to the remaining 1 period of 7 can only be referring to the 70 periods of 7 covenant.

 

However, when verse 27 reads "He shall confirm the covenant", this is in reference to the covenant / pledge God had made to the people (Israel), the Holy City (Jerusalem).  Obviously, God can only confirm His covenant with Israel and Jerusalem IF they existed.  This had not been the case from 70 A.D. to until the1948 formation of Israel and 1967 recapture of Jerusalem! 

 

Now that they the people (Israel), and the “Holy City” (Jerusalem) exists, God’s’70 periods covenant / pledge’ will be completed.

 

I.e.  Just as the first 69 periods of 7 announced the Messiah, God has now initiated a completion of His full 70 periods of 7 covenant; for the final 1 period of 7 with His people and the Holy City:

 

Vs. 24b “To finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy.”

 

This is the ultimate purpose of God’s covenant / pledge.  In other words, a completion of God’s plan of redemption for mankind!

 

However, The Pre-Trib. interpretation of the antichrist  making a covenant is not supported either grammatically or hermeneutically.  This is a heretical change in Scripture from the word "confirm" to "make". 

 

Satan cannot / would not confirm God's pledge / covenant between God and man; as stated in verse 24 for the final 1 period of 7. This is Replacement Theology at its worst, resulting in eliminating the most profound prophecies related to Yeshua's Return.  

 

Can you see how satan has virtually eliminated these 2 pledges by God to Israel, through this interpretation? There is much more to this total topic, but this is a good start.

 

Praying for our "rightly dividing of the truth", that we may walk in His wisdom, led by His Spirit

 

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King James Version

Dan. 9:24

Seventy weeks[a] are determined
      For your people and for your holy city,
      To finish the transgression,
      To make an end of[b] sins,
      To make reconciliation for iniquity,
      To bring in everlasting righteousness,
      To seal up vision and prophecy,
      And to anoint the Most Holy.       

Dan. 9:27

And he shall confirm the covenant with many for 1 period of 7 in the midst of the week, he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease.  And for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate, even unto the consummation; and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate.

 

Lexicon / Concordance for Daniel 9:27

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 English (KJV)  (Help)

Strong's

Root Form (Hebrew)

And he shall confirm

(Confirm as reference to a covenant or pledge)


h1396

גבר gabar

the covenant;

(pledge; between God and man)

 

h1285

ברית bĕriyth

with many

 

h7227

רב rab

for one

 

h259

אחד 'echad

week:

 

h7620

שבוע shabuwa`

and in the midst

 

h2677

חצי chetsiy

of the week

 

h7620

שבוע shabuwa`

he shall cause the sacrifice

(sacrifice; sacrifices of righteousness; sacrifices of strife; sacrifices to dead things; the covenant sacrifice; the Passover; annual sacrifice; thank offering – bloodless / NOT Sin offerings

 

h2077

זבח zebach

and the oblation

(offering, present, oblation, sacrifice, meat offering; gift, present; offering (to God); grain offering)

(NOT Sin offerings, But Rather PRAISE &

COMMITMENT TO GOD Offerings)

 

h4503

מנחה minchah

to cause to cease,

 

h7673

שבת shabath

and for the overspreading

(to the extremities of the earth)

 

h3671

כנף kanaph

of abominations

(abominable/detestable things)

 

h8251

שקוץ shiqquwts

he shall make [it] desolate,

(make waste/make desolate)

 

h8074

שמם shamem

even until the consummation,

(to accomplish complete destruction)

 

h3617

כלה kalah

and that determined;

(mutilate, to cut, to be decisive)

 

h2782

חרץ charats

shall be poured

(God-decreed wrath)

 

h5413

נתך nathak

upon the desolate.

(destroyed; made desolate)

 

h8074

שמם shamem

9:2

Lexicon Results

Strong's H1285 - bĕriyth

בְּרִית

Transliteration

bĕriyth

Pronunciation

ber·ēth' (Key)
<

Part of Speech

feminine noun

Root Word (Etymology)

From בָּרָה (H1262) (in the sense of cutting [like בָּרָא (H1254)])

TWOT Reference

282a

Outline of Biblical Usage

1) covenant, alliance, pledge

a) between men

1) treaty, alliance, league (man to man)

2) constitution, ordinance (monarch to subjects)

3) agreement, pledge (man to man)

4) alliance (of friendship)

5) alliance (of marriage)

b) between God and man

1) alliance (of friendship)

2) covenant (divine ordinance with signs or pledges)

2) (phrases)

a) covenant making

b) covenant keeping

c) covenant violation

 

lexicon Results

Strong's H2782 - charats

חָרַץ

Transliteration

charats

Pronunciation

khä·rats' (Key)
<

Part of Speech

verb

Root Word (Etymology)

A primitive root

TWOT Reference

752

Outline of Biblical Usage

1) to cut, sharpen, decide, decree, determine, maim, move, be decisive, be mutilated

a) (Qal)

1) to cut, mutilate

2) to sharpen

3) to decide

b) (Niphal) to be decisive

Authorized Version (KJV) Translation Count — Total: 12

AVdetermined 6, move 2, decide 1, bestir 1, maim 1, decreed 1

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Literal Hebrew Transliteration and

English Equivalent of

Dan. 9:27 with Strongs References:

To confirm / strengthen a covenant (gabar; H1396) a covenant / pledge / alliance / between God and man (beriyth; H1285), [with] many (rab; H7227), one [1], (echad; H259), period of seven days (shabua; H7620),

[after 3.5 years; in the] middle/midst/one-half (chetsiy; H2677) [of the 7-year period], thank-offerings and burnt sacrificial (zebach; H2077) offerings (bloodless offerings), and meat offerings and grain offerings to a divinity without blood (minchah; H4503) are caused to cease, (shabath; H7673) to the extremities of the earth (knaph; H3671),

abominable / detestable things (shiqquwts; H8251), make waste / make desolate (shamem; H8074).  

To accomplish / complete destruction (kalah; H3617), to be decisive; determined/ decree / to mutilate (charats; H2782) destroyed / made desolate (shamem; H8074) God decreed to pour out His wrath (nathak; H5413)

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Daniel 9:27 Basic Literal Translation

And God shall confirm His covenant (of 70 periods of 7 upon the people and the city of Jerusalem) with them for 1 period of 7.  In the middle of this 7-year period bloodless sacrificial offerings of thank-offerings, burnt offerings, grain offerings and meat offerings offered to God will cease; to the ends of the earth abominable detestable things make waste / desolate; God’s decree to accomplish complete destruction by the pouring out of His own anger / wrath.

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9:27 BASIC AMPLIFIED TRANSLATION:

And God shall confirm His covenant of 70 periods of 7 upon the people (Israel) and the Holy City of Jerusalem with them for 1 period of 7.  In the middle of the 7-year tribulation period, offerings of praise and commitment to God will caused to be ceased by abominable / detestable things that make desolate and wasted.  All the earth will be destroyed as decreed by God by His wrath. 

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9:27 EXPANDED AMPLIFIED TRANSLATION

"AND He (God) shall CONFIRM* (strengthen) the (His) Covenant / Promise (of  70 periods of 7  - upon the people (Israel) & the city (Jerusalem) with many for one week (1 period of 7)."    (Only God can confirm the last 70th 7 of v.24) (69 -7s of v.25 related to Jesus' 1st coming) and in the midst of the week (7yr. period) He (God) shall cause (allow) the sacrifice ** (sacrifices of praise; i.e. burnt offerings - not blood sacrifices for sin)  to cease (thru His permissive Will, allowing the antichrist’s activities to cause "Tribulation"  *** during Seals 1-6; Rev. 6 & Mth. 24:5-29-31), and for the overspreading of abominations he (antichrist) shall make it desolate, even until the consummation ("Day of the Lord & His Wrath" i.e. End of the Age), and that determined (God’s wrath upon breaking the 7th seal, and opening the Scroll listing the 7 trumpets and 7 bowls of God's WRATH) shall be poured upon the desolate ( i.e. the unrepentant during "tribulation").

 

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