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“Parallelism” Hermeneutics

  PRE-TRIB  THEOLOGICAL  FOUNDATIONS

“Tribulation” vs. “ Wrath”

                                                                                                                                   By:

                                                          Feasts Of The Lord.Net


PRIMARY REFERENCES  (In Sequential Order): 

MTH. 24:4-31    REV. CHAPTER 6    JOHN 16:33    ISA. 48:10  

I THES. 5:9 & 1:10     MTH. 24:29-31   JOEL 2:1,10,31  

REV. 6:12-14,17    ISA. 13:7   ZEP. 1:14     

REV. 3:10    DAN. 9:24,27  

 

Hebrew / Greek DEFINITIONS:

Peirasmos, Peirasmos, Peirasai: 

Tribulation / Trials / Temptations / to Test, to Try, to Tempt.

Thlupsis

Tribulation / Distress / Affliction / Persecution

Ebrah / Orges:  

Wrath / Anger / Rage / Fury ;   Strong’s #5678 connotes the “overflowing fury of God”

 

Synonymous:

Adjective of, or having the nature of, a synonym; equivalent or similar in meaning

Synonym:

Noun  A word having the same or nearly the same meaning in one or more senses as another in the same language.

Equivalent: 

Adjective  Equal in quantity, value, force, meaning, etc.


THESAURUS:

“Tribulation” Synonyms:

Main Entry: Tribulation

Part of Speech: noun

Definition:  pain, unhappiness

Synonyms:  adversity, affliction, albatross*, bad luck*, blow*, bummer*, burden, care, cross to bear, crucible*, curse, difficulty, distress, double whammy, downer*, drag*, grief, hard knock, hard time, headache*, heartache*, misery, misfortune, oppression, ordeal, persecution, rainy day, reverse, sorrow, suffering, trial, trouble, vexation, visitation, woe, worry, wretchedness, wronging

Main Entry:  Affliction

Part of Speech: noun

Definition:  hurt condition; something that causes hurt

Synonyms:  adversity, anguish, calamity, cross, crux, depression, difficulty, disease, disorder, distress, grief, hardship, illness, infirmity, misery, misfortune, ordeal, pain, plague, plight, scourge, sickness, sorrow, suffering, torment, trial, tribulation, trouble, woe

 

“Wrath” Synonyms:

Main Entry:  Fury

Part of Speech: noun

Definition:  Anger, Wrath

Synonyms:  acerbity, acrimony, asperity, boiling point, conniption, energy, ferocity, fierceness, fire, flare-up, force, frenzy, furor, impetuosity, indignation, intensity, ire, madness, might, passion, power, rabidity, rage, rampancy, rise, savagery, severity, slow burn, sore, stew*, storm*, tempestuousness, turbulence, vehemence, violence

Notesire suggests greater intensity than anger, rage suggests loss of self-control, and fury is destructive rage verging on madness

Main Entry:  Fury

Part of Speech: noun

Definition:  Violent or unrestrained anger.

Synonyms:  furor, irateness, ire, rage, wrath, wrathfulness

 

Pre Trib “Parallelisms” TheologY:

Pre Trib theology contends that Hebrew itself is built on parallelisms and various permutations of those parallels.

This study provides a hermeneutical evaluation of the Pre Trib “Parallelisms” theological interpretation of Tribulation” and “Wrathas Synonymous.   

Consequently Pre Trib Interprets, and Theologically Applies both words as “WRATH”; and thus the entire “7-Year Tribulation Period”; aka the “Final Judgment Period” or “Historical Event”. 

This interpretation provides justification for the “Rapture” to occur at the beginning of the 7 year “Tribulation Period” prior to “Wrath”.

 

The prophetic idea or concept of “Parallelisms” is that both words describe the same unique Historic Event named the “Tribulation Period”, and are therefore “Synonymous”.  The concept includes the use of separate words or verses, but all relate to the same historical event.

These words / verses supposedly provide multiple descriptors of this same unique time period, claiming to be in context, in regards to this final judgment period. 

 

While Pre Trib acknowledges that the words “Tribulation” and “Wrath”, are not the same in definition, nor are they synonyms. Nevertheless, because the prophetic idea or concept that both Tribulation” and “Wrath both refer too, is the same “Event”; they are therefore synonymous.  

The Pre Trib view interpreting “Tribulation” and “Wrath” as synonyms for the same historical event is not based upon solidly applied hermeneutical principles of the following: definitions, clear and literal in-context linguistic or grammatical usage, scripture confirming scripture, applied scripture not conflicting with other scripture particularly the words of Jesus.

 
Peirasmos and Thlupsis”; aka “Tribulation”

A Comparative Analysis To

“Ebrah”; aka “Wrath”

Hermeneutics:

“Hermeneutics is the art of finding the meaning of an author’s words and phrases, and of explaining it to others.”

Guidelines include: The examination of the verses as a unit of thought, in the immediate context, with the passage and book as a whole.  Theologians instruct us that during Bible study, we cannot properly “determine the meaning of a passage independent of the rest of Scripture”

Therefore, when seeking the meaning of one passage we must seek unity with all other Bible teachings related to it, particularly the words of Jesus.

          Greatest rule of sound biblical interpretation: let the Bible interpret itself.

Linguistic Hermeneutical Principles to Be Applied

CLEAR AND LITERAL GRAMATICAL PRINCIPLES:

   Study the context of the passage and the theme of the book.

    Look up the actual meaning of each word in the original languages.

    Note the verb tenses, the cases, and other grammatical determinants.

 

IN CONTEXT:

   Learn the cultural setting of the passage.

   Determine what the original readers understood it to mean.


SCRIPTURE VERIFYING SCRIPTURE:

   Check out cross-references how the words are used in contexts.

   See how the first mention of the word or topic is presented

   Confirm interpretation with 2-3 similar passages (synonyms).

    Context is crucial within the larger narrative.

Spurgeon:

Primary attention should be given to the literal sense.

“Understand each passage in its ‘first sense’; its literal or obvious meaning.

The first sense of the passage must never be drowned it must be declared.

Your understanding must never thrust out the original and native meaning,

A passage should not be strained.

 

Chronological Order of Events

           “Tribulation” and “Wrath Events:

“Tribulation” and “Wrath” describe 3 different portions of the larger 7-year event, with 3 different actions, and at 3 different time periods described as:  The “Beginning of Sorrows”, the “Great Tribulation” and the “Day of the Lord” and His Wrath.

“Tribulation vs. Wrath” OverviewMth. 24:4-31:

Beginning of Sorrows” (Year 1-3.5)  (Peirasmos; Tribulation, testings, trials)

Abomination of Desolation

“Great Tribulation(Thlupsis; Tribulation, Affliction, Persecution)

Jesus (vs.29) then describes the 6th seal; “sun  and moon darken.."

Signals the End of the “Great Tribulation”

Is a “sign” that occurs  Before the “Day Of The Lord” (References below)

“Day of the Lord” and His WRATH; (Ebrah / Orges; Wrath, Rage, Fury)

 

Mth. 24:29-31   Rev.6:12-14, 17  plus  Other Scripture:

The 6th seal signals the END of the “GREAT TRIBULATION”

The 6th seal occurs BEFORE the “DAY OF THE LORD” and His “WRATH”

(DAY OF THE LORD” and His “WRATH” is initiated at the 7th seal)

 

Jesus States that "AFTER the Great Tribulation":


           The sun & moon darken give no light, and the stars fall...”.  

Mth.24:29-31 (6th seal; Rev. 6:12-14) 

           Rev. 6:17 then states:

          “For the great day of His wrath is come;

 and who shall be able to stand?”  (present infinitive tense)

 

 Joel, Acts and Isaiah Prophets also Declare:

           BEFORE the ‘DAY OF THE LORD” and His WRATH the

             Sun be darkened & the Moon give no light, & the Stars fall ...”

Joel 2:1,10,31,  Acts 2:17-21,  Isa. 13:9-11,  Isa. 24:21-23, Rev. 6:17, 

2 Peter 3:1012,  Zec. 14:1-6.   I.e.: Mth.24:29-31 and Rev. 6:12-14,17

 

“Day Of The Lord” a “Parallel Descriptor” of “Wrath”:

The Day of the LORD comes

   with wrath & fierce anger  Isa.13:7

                    The great Day of the Lord is near …

                       That day is a day of wrath. Zep.  1:14

                    The Day of the LORD's  vengeance / wrath  

                        Isa. 34:4-8

          "For God has not destined us for wrath (Ebrah/Orges) "

             1Thes. 5:9

 

Hermeneutical Consistency:

When seeking the meaning of one passage we must seek unity with all other Bible teachings related to it, particularly the words of Jesus. (Spurgeon)

Tribulation:

In this world ye shall have tribulation (Peirasmos) John 16:33.

Behold, I have refined thee, but not with silver; I have chosen thee in the furnace of affliction. (Thlupsis)  Isa. 48:10

Then mankind is subject to “tribulation” & “Great Tribulation” during the periods described as the “Beginning of Sorrows” (Peirasmos) and “Great Tribulation (Thlupsis);

Wrath:

The great Day of the LORD is near, ….  That day is a day of wrath… Zep. 1:14

 

 

"Who delivers us from the wrath (Ebrah / Orges) to come…" 

     1Thes. 1:10

For God has not destined us for wrath (Ebrah / Orges) ….  " 

     1Thes. 5:9

For the great day of His wrath is come; and

who shall be able to stand?  Rev. 6:17 

Behold, the Day of the LORD comes, cruel both with wrath and

fierce anger  Isa. 13:7

 

Milton Terry 1898:

The same general principles by which we ascertain the grammatical-historical sense, apply also to the interpretation of figurative language.

Two passages might be similar in sentiment, but not strictly parallel or identical in sense.

The words of Scripture were intended to have one definite sense,

and that our first object should be to discover that sense, and adhere rigidly to it.

 

Pre Trib “Parallelism Hermeneutics” Applied:

Pre Trib Theology based upon “Parallelism” hermeneutics is used to interpret “Tribulation” (aka the first 3.5 years “Beginning of Sorrows”, and the period following the abomination aka the “Great Tribulation” “synonymous” to “wrath”; contrary to correct grammar and scripture.


The prophetic idea or concept of “Parallelisms” hermeneutics is that both words “Tribulation” and “Wrath”, describe the same unique Historic Event named the “Tribulation Period”, and are therefore defined as a “Synonymous” description of the entire 7-year period.


“Synonymous” is based upon their being similar”, “descriptors of the  “7-year Tribulation Period”.  However, “similar” is not the same as “synonymous”.

(Actually 3 different portions of the “7-year Event”)

However, other Linguistics Hermeneutical Principles must ALSO be applied.

With “Tribulation” and “Wrath” redefined as a “Synonymous” descriptions of the entire 7-year period; “Tribulation” is effectively treated as “wrath” theologically to justify the rapture occurring  before “wrathduring the entire 7-year period.  However, Scripture clearly states that believers are subject to “Tribulation”, but not “Wrath”. 

 

Faulty Application of “Parallelism Hermeneutics” And

Inaccurately Applied Linguistic and Basic Grammatical Principles:

In it’s interpretative definitions, Pre Trib theology labels it’s rapture as “Pre Tribulation” rapture, which in fact is true, yet contradictory to scripture stating “we are subject to tribulation in this world”.  Yet, at the same time attempts to appear consistent with scripture by it’s interpretation of “Tribulation” and “Wrath” as “Synonymous” to “wrath”. 

Thus the rapture of believers being “not subject to wrath” becomes possible at the start of the 7-year period.  Such grammar logic is false double talk, in an attempt to satisfy opposite definitions.

Because Tribulation” and “Wrath jointly describe different portions of an event, does not justify non-synonymous activities to become licensed as a synonymous description of any entire event, nor change the definition of a word.

Tribulation” and “Wrath are therefore not each a “descriptor” of the entire event, know as the 7-year Tribulation period, Nor synonymous to each other.

Thus, they can only be “Descriptors” of the individual event they describe.

Combined with inaccurately applied linguistic and basic grammatical principles result in many hermeneutical errors, such as:  scripture conflicting with other scripture, and falsely redefining “Tribulation” as “Synonymous” to “Wrath, to justify the rapture occurring  prior to “Tribulation” at the beginning of the “7-year Event”.

“If the Scripture has more than one meaning, it has no meaning at all”. (Milton Terry 1898)

Consequently, Pre Trib Rapture Theology effectively eliminates the “believers” from exposure to “Tribulation” during the first 7 years; aka called the “Beginning of Sorrows” and “Great Tribulation”.

The Pre Trib hermeneutical view which interprets “Tribulation” and “Wrath” as synonyms for the same historical event is NOT based upon their definitions, their linguistic, or grammatical usage, nor even an accurate application of the “Parallel Descriptors” concept. 

The fact is, “Tribulation” and “Wrath” describe 3 different portions of the larger 7-year event,with 3 different actions, and at 3 different time periods.

DEFINITIONS:

Strong’s Bible Lexicon, and every Thesaurus, Concordance and Dictionary define “Tribulation” and “Wrath” and determined them to be Not Synonymous in description or usage.

The “American Century Thesaurus” by the Oxford University Press, Definitions and Synonyms:

Synonymous:  Of, or having the nature of, a synonym; equivalent or similar in meaning

Synonym:  A word having the same or nearly the same meaning, in one or more senses, as another word would have in the same language.

Equivalent:  Equal in quantity, value, force, meaning etc.

Milton Terry 1898:

To say that words do mean a thing, merely because they can be tortured into meaning, is a most dishonorable and dangerous way of handling Scripture.

Ambiguity of language may be, and has been, designedly resorted to in order to mislead the reader or hearer. This is not “to interpret the obscure by the clear,” but to obscure the clear by a misleading comparison of assumedly ‘parallel’ passages.

Summary Statement:

Consequently, upon man’s failure to repent during first 6 seals of “tribulationallowed by God (Rev. 6 and Mth. 24:5-9,13,21,22,29), the 7 trumpets & 7 Bowls of God's WRATH are then released upon mankind (Rev. 8 – 16). 

Just as in the “DAYS Of NOAH”

Please take a moment to visualize the scroll with the 7 seals per Rev. 5:1 & 5. The scroll contains the wrath of God, but is not opened until ALL 7 seals are broken; opened by “the Lion of the tribe of Judea”. 

The previous 6 seals are representative of conditions that must be met before the last Seal is broken, and the scroll of wrath is opened.

Only upon breaking the last seal (the 7th seal) is the scroll opened – to release “God’s wrath”:   THEN the “7 Trumpets of God’s of God’s wrath, and the 7 bowls of God’s wrath begin. 

 

========================================

 

2  Hermeneutical  Applications:

COMPLETION  OF  DANIEL 9 : 24,27

70–WEEKS  PROPHECY

Vs. 24:  Seventy weeks (70 Periods of 7) are determined upon the people and upon thy holy city (Jerusalem), to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy. 

(Completed at Rev. 16:17-21, 17:1 & Ezk. 38:18, 39:6,8,11-12, 21)

Vs. 27:  (Amplified) AND He (God) shall CONFIRM* (strengthen) the (His) Covenant / Promise (of  70 periods of 7  - upon the people & the city - Jerusalem) with many for one week (1 period of 7):    (Only God can confirm the last 70th 7 of vs 24) (69 -7s of vs 25 related to Jesus' 1st coming)

And in the midst of the week (7yr. period) He (God) shall cause (allow) the sacrifice ** (sacrifices of praise; i.e. burnt offerings - not blood sacrifices for sin) to cease (thru His permissive will allowing the Anti-Christ’s activities to cause  "Tribulation"  *** during seals 1-6; Rev. 6 & Mth. 24:5-29-31), and for the overspreading of abominations He (Antichrist) shall make it desolate, even until the consummation ("Day of the Lord & His Wrath" i.e. End of the Age), and that  determined… (God’s wrath  upon breaking the 7th seal, and opening the Scroll listing the 7 trumpets and 7 bowls of God's  WRATH) …. shall be poured upon the desolate ( i.e. the unrepentant during "tribulation"). 

 ** Sacrifices 

Anti-Christ efforts are to stop sacrificial offerings of "Praise & Commitment to God”:

NOT Blood Sacrifices already atoned for by Jesus.

2 of 4 Sacrificial Offerings Are Praise Offerings to God,

Not Sin:


Burnt Offerings

Represents complete submission to God's will.  

Ezek.  46:1-2, 12    See also Lev. 1:3-5 (i.e. Jesus)

Peace Offering:

Expresses gratitude / praise to God & not to do with sin.

 

Rev. 3:10 “Tribulation” Hermeneutics Applied:

Rev. 3:10  Greek words & meanings:

"Because (as a result of) you have kept (eteresas)  My command to persevere, 

(to keep God’s Word)

 

I also will keep (kargotereso) you

(to keep by endurance)

 

from the hour (ek tes hores) of trial  (peirasmou)

(out of the hour of trial)  or:  (from the trial bringing temptation)

 

which shall come upon the whole world, to test / try  (peirasai)  those who dwell on the earth.  (to tempt)

Analysis:

The Expository Dictionary of Biblical Words by W.E. Vine  combined commentary on 2 Peter 2:9 and Rev. 3:10-12:

The verb is used of testing as permitted by God, and of the believer as one who should be in the realization of his own helplessness and his dependence upon God.

The noun is used of trials with beneficial purposes and effect, also of trials or temptations Divinely permitted or sent: 

I.e.  2 Peter 2:9 “to prove” or “to try” and in Rev. 3:10 “trial or temptation”.

Analysis Results:

In Context Interpretation: “Endure trials”

Scripture Continuity: 

In this world ye shall havetribulation(Peirasmos)

John 16:33.

Behold, I have refined thee, but not with silver; I have chosen thee in the furnace of affliction. (Thlupsis) 

Isa. 48:10

Not “Synonymous” or “Parallel” with “Wrath”

 

Expanded Hebrew / Greek DEFINITIONS:

Peirasmos, Peirasmos, Peirasai: 

Tribulation / Trials / Temptations / to Test, to Try, to Tempt.

Thlupsis

Tribulation / Distress / Affliction / Persecution

Ebrah / Orges:  

Wrath / Anger / Rage / Fury ;   Strong’s #5678 connotes the “overflowing fury of God”

 

Synonymous:

Adjective of, or having the nature of, a synonym; equivalent or similar in meaning

Synonym:

Noun  A word having the same or nearly the same meaning in one or more senses as another in the same language.

Equivalent: 

Adjective  Equal in quantity, value, force, meaning, etc.


THESAURUS:

“Tribulation” Synonyms:

Main Entry: Tribulation

Part of Speech: noun

Definition:  pain, unhappiness

Synonyms:  adversity, affliction, albatross*, bad luck*, blow*, bummer*, burden, care, cross to bear, crucible*, curse, difficulty, distress, double whammy, downer*, drag*, grief, hard knock, hard time, headache*, heartache*, misery, misfortune, oppression, ordeal, persecution, rainy day, reverse, sorrow, suffering, trial, trouble, vexation, visitation, woe, worry, wretchedness, wronging

Main Entry:  Affliction

Part of Speech: noun

Definition:  hurt condition; something that causes hurt

Synonyms:  adversity, anguish, calamity, cross, crux, depression, difficulty, disease, disorder, distress, grief, hardship, illness, infirmity, misery, misfortune, ordeal, pain, plague, plight, scourge, sickness, sorrow, suffering, torment, trial, tribulation, trouble, woe


“Wrath” Synonyms:

Main Entry:  Fury

Part of Speech: noun

Definition:  Anger, Wrath

Synonyms:  acerbity, acrimony, asperity, boiling point, conniption, energy, ferocity, fierceness, fire, flare-up, force, frenzy, furor, impetuosity, indignation, intensity, ire, madness, might, passion, power, rabidity, rage, rampancy, rise, savagery, severity, slow burn, sore, stew*, storm*, tempestuousness, turbulence, vehemence, violence

Notesire suggests greater intensity than anger, rage suggests loss of self-control, and fury is destructive rage verging on madness

Main Entry:  Fury

Part of Speech: noun

Definition:  Violent or unrestrained anger.

Synonyms:  furor, irateness, ire, rage, wrath, wrathfulness


                            By:

Feasts Of The Lord.Net

==================================================   

 

 “Parallelism” Hermeneutics

PRE-TRIB  THEOLOGICAL  FOUNDATIONS

“Tribulation” vs. “ Wrath”

By:

Feasts Of The Lord.Net

 

PRIMARY REFERENCES  (In Sequential Order): 

MTH. 24:4-31    REV. CHAPTER 6    JOHN 16:33    ISA. 48:10  

I THES. 5:9 & 1:10     MTH. 24:29-31   JOEL 2:1,10,31  

REV. 6:12-14,17    ISA. 13:7   ZEP. 1:14     

REV. 3:10    DAN. 9:24,27  

 

Hebrew / Greek DEFINITIONS:

Peirasmos, Peirasmos, Peirasai: 

Tribulation / Trials / Temptations / to Test, to Try, to Tempt.

Thlupsis

Tribulation / Distress / Affliction / Persecution

Ebrah / Orges:  

Wrath / Anger / Rage / Fury ;   Strong’s #5678 connotes the “overflowing fury of God”

 

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Synonymous:

Adjective of, or having the nature of, a synonym; equivalent or similar in meaning

Synonym:

Noun  A word having the same or nearly the same meaning in one or more senses as another in the same language.

Equivalent: 

Adjective  Equal in quantity, value, force, meaning, etc.

 ===================================================================================

THESAURUS:

“Tribulation” Synonyms:

Main Entry: Tribulation

Part of Speech: noun

Definition:  pain, unhappiness

Synonyms:  adversity, affliction, albatross*, bad luck*, blow*, bummer*, burden, care, cross to bear, crucible*, curse, difficulty, distress, double whammy, downer*, drag*, grief, hard knock, hard time, headache*, heartache*, misery, misfortune, oppression, ordeal, persecution, rainy day, reverse, sorrow, suffering, trial, trouble, vexation, visitation, woe, worry, wretchedness, wronging

Main Entry:  Affliction

Part of Speech: noun

Definition:  hurt condition; something that causes hurt

Synonyms:  adversity, anguish, calamity, cross, crux, depression, difficulty, disease, disorder, distress, grief, hardship, illness, infirmity, misery, misfortune, ordeal, pain, plague, plight, scourge, sickness, sorrow, suffering, torment, trial, tribulation, trouble, woe

===================================================================================

 

 “Wrath” Synonyms:

Main Entry:  Fury

Part of Speech: noun

Definition:  Anger, Wrath

Synonyms:  acerbity, acrimony, asperity, boiling point, conniption, energy, ferocity, fierceness, fire, flare-up, force, frenzy, furor, impetuosity, indignation, intensity, ire, madness, might, passion, power, rabidity, rage, rampancy, rise, savagery, severity, slow burn, sore, stew*, storm*, tempestuousness, turbulence, vehemence, violence

Notesire suggests greater intensity than anger, rage suggests loss of self-control, and fury is destructive rage verging on madness

Main Entry:  Fury

Part of Speech: noun

Definition:  Violent or unrestrained anger.

Synonyms:  furor, irateness, ire, rage, wrath, wrathfulness

 ===================================================================================

 

Pre Trib “Parallelisms” TheologY:

Pre Trib theology contends that Hebrew itself is built on parallelisms and various permutations of those parallels.

This study provides a hermeneutical evaluation of the Pre Trib “Parallelisms” theological interpretation of Tribulation” and “Wrathas Synonymous.   

Consequently Pre Trib Interprets, and Theologically Applies both words as “WRATH”; and thus the entire “7-Year Tribulation Period”; aka the “Final Judgment Period” or “Historical Event”. 

This interpretation provides justification for the “Rapture” to occur at the beginning of the 7 year “Tribulation Period” prior to “Wrath”.

 

The prophetic idea or concept of “Parallelisms” is that both words describe the same unique Historic Event named the “Tribulation Period”, and are therefore “Synonymous”.  The concept includes the use of separate words or verses, but all relate to the same historical event.

These words / verses supposedly provide multiple descriptors of this same unique time period, claiming to be in context, in regards to this final judgment period. 

 

While Pre Trib acknowledges that the words “Tribulation” and “Wrath”, are not the same in definition, nor are they synonyms. Nevertheless, because the prophetic idea or concept that both Tribulation” and “Wrath both refer too, is the same “Event”; they are therefore synonymous.  

The Pre Trib view interpreting “Tribulation” and “Wrath” as synonyms for the same historical event is not based upon solidly applied hermeneutical principles of the following: definitions, clear and literal in-context linguistic or grammatical usage, scripture confirming scripture, applied scripture not conflicting with other scripture particularly the words of Jesus.

 
Peirasmos and Thlupsis”; aka “Tribulation”

A Comparative Analysis To

“Ebrah”; aka “Wrath”

Hermeneutics:

“Hermeneutics is the art of finding the meaning of an author’s words and phrases, and of explaining it to others.”

Guidelines include: The examination of the verses as a unit of thought, in the immediate context, with the passage and book as a whole.  Theologians instruct us that during Bible study, we cannot properly “determine the meaning of a passage independent of the rest of Scripture”

Therefore, when seeking the meaning of one passage we must seek unity with all other Bible teachings related to it, particularly the words of Jesus.

          Greatest rule of sound biblical interpretation: let the Bible interpret itself.

Linguistic Hermeneutical Principles to Be Applied

CLEAR AND LITERAL GRAMATICAL PRINCIPLES:

   Study the context of the passage and the theme of the book.

    Look up the actual meaning of each word in the original languages.

    Note the verb tenses, the cases, and other grammatical determinants.

 

IN CONTEXT:

   Learn the cultural setting of the passage.

   Determine what the original readers understood it to mean.


SCRIPTURE VERIFYING SCRIPTURE:

   Check out cross-references how the words are used in contexts.

   See how the first mention of the word or topic is presented

   Confirm interpretation with 2-3 similar passages (synonyms).

    Context is crucial within the larger narrative.

Spurgeon:

Primary attention should be given to the literal sense.

“Understand each passage in its ‘first sense’; its literal or obvious meaning.

The first sense of the passage must never be drowned it must be declared.

Your understanding must never thrust out the original and native meaning,

A passage should not be strained.

 

Chronological Order of Events

           “Tribulation” and “Wrath Events:

“Tribulation” and “Wrath” describe 3 different portions of the larger 7-year event, with 3 different actions, and at 3 different time periods described as:  The “Beginning of Sorrows”, the “Great Tribulation” and the “Day of the Lord” and His Wrath.

“Tribulation vs. Wrath” OverviewMth. 24:4-31:

Beginning of Sorrows” (Year 1-3.5)  (Peirasmos; Tribulation, testings, trials)

Abomination of Desolation

“Great Tribulation(Thlupsis; Tribulation, Affliction, Persecution)

Jesus (vs.29) then describes the 6th seal; “sun  and moon darken.."

Signals the End of the “Great Tribulation”

Is a “sign” that occurs  Before the “Day Of The Lord” (References below)

“Day of the Lord” and His WRATH; (Ebrah / Orges; Wrath, Rage, Fury)

 

Mth. 24:29-31   Rev.6:12-14, 17  plus  Other Scripture:

The 6th seal signals the END of the “GREAT TRIBULATION”

The 6th seal occurs BEFORE the “DAY OF THE LORD” and His “WRATH”

(DAY OF THE LORD” and His “WRATH” is initiated at the 7th seal)

 

Jesus States that "AFTER the Great Tribulation":


           The sun & moon darken give no light, and the stars fall...”.  

Mth.24:29-31 (6th seal; Rev. 6:12-14) 

           Rev. 6:17 then states:

          “For the great day of His wrath is come;

 and who shall be able to stand?”  (present infinitive tense)

 

 Joel, Acts and Isaiah Prophets also Declare:

           BEFORE the ‘DAY OF THE LORD” and His WRATH the

             Sun be darkened & the Moon give no light, & the Stars fall ...”

Joel 2:1,10,31,  Acts 2:17-21,  Isa. 13:9-11,  Isa. 24:21-23, Rev. 6:17, 

2 Peter 3:1012,  Zec. 14:1-6.   I.e.: Mth.24:29-31 and Rev. 6:12-14,17

 

“Day Of The Lord” a “Parallel Descriptor” of “Wrath”:

The Day of the LORD comes

   with wrath & fierce anger  Isa.13:7

                    The great Day of the Lord is near …

                       That day is a day of wrath. Zep.  1:14

                    The Day of the LORD's  vengeance / wrath  

                        Isa. 34:4-8

          "For God has not destined us for wrath (Ebrah/Orges) "

             1Thes. 5:9

 

Hermeneutical Consistency:

When seeking the meaning of one passage we must seek unity with all other Bible teachings related to it, particularly the words of Jesus. (Spurgeon)

Tribulation:

In this world ye shall have tribulation (Peirasmos) John 16:33.

Behold, I have refined thee, but not with silver; I have chosen thee in the furnace of affliction. (Thlupsis)  Isa. 48:10

Then mankind is subject to “tribulation” & “Great Tribulation” during the periods described as the “Beginning of Sorrows” (Peirasmos) and “Great Tribulation (Thlupsis);

Wrath:

The great Day of the LORD is near, ….  That day is a day of wrath… Zep. 1:14

 

 

"Who delivers us from the wrath (Ebrah / Orges) to come…" 

     1Thes. 1:10

For God has not destined us for wrath (Ebrah / Orges) ….  " 

     1Thes. 5:9

For the great day of His wrath is come; and

who shall be able to stand?  Rev. 6:17 

Behold, the Day of the LORD comes, cruel both with wrath and

fierce anger  Isa. 13:7

 

Milton Terry 1898:

The same general principles by which we ascertain the grammatical-historical sense, apply also to the interpretation of figurative language.

Two passages might be similar in sentiment, but not strictly parallel or identical in sense.

The words of Scripture were intended to have one definite sense,

and that our first object should be to discover that sense, and adhere rigidly to it.

 

Pre Trib “Parallelism Hermeneutics” Applied:

Pre Trib Theology based upon “Parallelism” hermeneutics is used to interpret “Tribulation” (aka the first 3.5 years “Beginning of Sorrows”, and the period following the abomination aka the “Great Tribulation” “synonymous” to “wrath”; contrary to correct grammar and scripture.


The prophetic idea or concept of “Parallelisms” hermeneutics is that both words “Tribulation” and “Wrath”, describe the same unique Historic Event named the “Tribulation Period”, and are therefore defined as a “Synonymous” description of the entire 7-year period.


“Synonymous” is based upon their being similar”, “descriptors of the  “7-year Tribulation Period”.  However, “similar” is not the same as “synonymous”.

(Actually 3 different portions of the “7-year Event”)

However, other Linguistics Hermeneutical Principles must ALSO be applied.

With “Tribulation” and “Wrath” redefined as a “Synonymous” descriptions of the entire 7-year period; “Tribulation” is effectively treated as “wrath” theologically to justify the rapture occurring before “wrath” during the entire 7-year period.  However, Scripture clearly states that believers are subject to “Tribulation”, but not “Wrath”. 

 

Faulty Application of “Parallelism Hermeneutics” And

Inaccurately Applied Linguistic and Basic Grammatical Principles:

In it’s interpretative definitions, Pre Trib theology labels it’s rapture as “Pre Tribulation” rapture, which in fact is true, yet contradictory to scripture stating “we are subject to tribulation in this world”.  Yet, at the same time attempts to appear consistent with scripture by it’s interpretation of “Tribulation” and “Wrath” as “Synonymous” to “wrath”. 

Thus the rapture of believers being “not subject to wrath” becomes possible at the start of the 7-year period.  Such grammar logic is false double talk, in an attempt to satisfy opposite definitions.

Because Tribulation” and “Wrath jointly describe different portions of an event, does not justify non-synonymous activities to become licensed as a synonymous description of any entire event, nor change the definition of a word.

Tribulation” and “Wrath are therefore not each a “descriptor” of the entire event, know as the 7-year Tribulation period, Nor synonymous to each other.

Thus, they can only be “Descriptors” of the individual event they describe.

Combined with inaccurately applied linguistic and basic grammatical principles result in many hermeneutical errors, such as:  scripture conflicting with other scripture, and falsely redefining “Tribulation” as “Synonymous” to “Wrath, to justify the rapture occurring  prior to “Tribulation” at the beginning of the “7-year Event”.

“If the Scripture has more than one meaning, it has no meaning at all”. (Milton Terry 1898)

Consequently, Pre Trib Rapture Theology effectively eliminates the “believers” from exposure to “Tribulation” during the first 7 years; aka called the “Beginning of Sorrows” and “Great Tribulation”.

The Pre Trib hermeneutical view which interprets “Tribulation” and “Wrath” as synonyms for the same historical event is NOT based upon their definitions, their linguistic, or grammatical usage, nor even an accurate application of the “Parallel Descriptors” concept. 

The fact is, “Tribulation” and “Wrath” describe 3 different portions of the larger 7-year event,with 3 different actions, and at 3 different time periods.

DEFINITIONS:

Strong’s Bible Lexicon, and every Thesaurus, Concordance and Dictionary define “Tribulation” and “Wrath” and determined them to be Not Synonymous in description or usage.

The “American Century Thesaurus” by the Oxford University Press, Definitions and Synonyms:

Synonymous:  Of, or having the nature of, a synonym; equivalent or similar in meaning

Synonym:  A word having the same or nearly the same meaning, in one or more senses, as another word would have in the same language.

Equivalent:  Equal in quantity, value, force, meaning etc.

Milton Terry 1898:

To say that words do mean a thing, merely because they can be tortured into meaning, is a most dishonorable and dangerous way of handling Scripture.

Ambiguity of language may be, and has been, designedly resorted to in order to mislead the reader or hearer. This is not “to interpret the obscure by the clear,” but to obscure the clear by a misleading comparison of assumedly ‘parallel’ passages.

Summary Statement:

Consequently, upon man’s failure to repent during first 6 seals of “tribulationallowed by God (Rev. 6 and Mth. 24:5-9,13,21,22,29), the 7 trumpets & 7 Bowls of God's WRATH are then released upon mankind (Rev. 8 – 16). 

Just as in the “DAYS Of NOAH”

Please take a moment to visualize the scroll with the 7 seals per Rev. 5:1 & 5. The scroll contains the wrath of God, but is not opened until ALL 7 seals are broken; opened by “the Lion of the tribe of Judea”. 

The previous 6 seals are representative of conditions that must be met before the last Seal is broken, and the scroll of wrath is opened.

Only upon breaking the last seal (the 7th seal) is the scroll opened – to release “God’s wrath”:   THEN the “7 Trumpets of God’s of God’s wrath, and the 7 bowls of God’s wrath begin. 

 

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2  Hermeneutical  Applications:

COMPLETION  OF  DANIEL 9 : 24,27

70–WEEKS  PROPHECY

Vs. 24:  Seventy weeks (70 Periods of 7) are determined upon the people and upon thy holy city (Jerusalem), to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy. 

(Completed at Rev. 16:17-21, 17:1 & Ezk. 38:18, 39:6,8,11-12, 21)

Vs. 27:  (Amplified) AND He (God) shall CONFIRM* (strengthen) the (His) Covenant / Promise (of  70 periods of 7  - upon the people & the city - Jerusalem) with many for one week (1 period of 7):    (Only God can confirm the last 70th 7 of vs 24) (69 -7s of vs 25 related to Jesus' 1st coming)

And in the midst of the week (7yr. period) He (God) shall cause (allow) the sacrifice ** (sacrifices of praise; i.e. burnt offerings - not blood sacrifices for sin) to cease (thru His permissive will allowing the Anti-Christ’s activities to cause  "Tribulation"  *** during seals 1-6; Rev. 6 & Mth. 24:5-29-31), and for the overspreading of abominations He (Antichrist) shall make it desolate, even until the consummation ("Day of the Lord & His Wrath" i.e. End of the Age), and that  determined… (God’s wrath  upon breaking the 7th seal, and opening the Scroll listing the 7 trumpets and 7 bowls of God's  WRATH) …. shall be poured upon the desolate ( i.e. the unrepentant during "tribulation"). 

 ** Sacrifices 

Anti-Christ efforts are to stop sacrificial offerings of "Praise & Commitment to God”:

NOT Blood Sacrifices already atoned for by Jesus.

2 of 4 Sacrificial Offerings Are Praise Offerings to God,

Not Sin:


Burnt Offerings

Represents complete submission to God's will.  

Ezek.  46:1-2, 12    See also Lev. 1:3-5 (i.e. Jesus)

Peace Offering:

Expresses gratitude / praise to God & not to do with sin.

 

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Rev. 3:10 “Tribulation” Hermeneutics Applied:

Rev. 3:10  Greek words & meanings:

"Because (as a result of) you have kept (eteresas)  My command to persevere, 

(to keep God’s Word)

 

I also will keep (kargotereso) you

(to keep by endurance)

 

from the hour (ek tes hores) of trial  (peirasmou)

(out of the hour of trial)  or:  (from the trial bringing temptation)

 

which shall come upon the whole world, to test / try  (peirasai)  those who dwell on the earth.  (to tempt)

Analysis:

The Expository Dictionary of Biblical Words by W.E. Vine  combined commentary on 2 Peter 2:9 and Rev. 3:10-12:

The verb is used of testing as permitted by God, and of the believer as one who should be in the realization of his own helplessness and his dependence upon God.

The noun is used of trials with beneficial purposes and effect, also of trials or temptations Divinely permitted or sent: 

I.e.  2 Peter 2:9 “to prove” or “to try” and in Rev. 3:10 “trial or temptation”.

Analysis Results:

In Context Interpretation: “Endure trials”

Scripture Continuity: 

In this world ye shall havetribulation(Peirasmos)

John 16:33.

Behold, I have refined thee, but not with silver; I have chosen thee in the furnace of affliction. (Thlupsis) 

Isa. 48:10

Not “Synonymous” or “Parallel” with “Wrath”

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Expanded Hebrew / Greek DEFINITIONS:

Peirasmos, Peirasmos, Peirasai: 

Tribulation / Trials / Temptations / to Test, to Try, to Tempt.

Thlupsis

Tribulation / Distress / Affliction / Persecution

Ebrah / Orges:  

Wrath / Anger / Rage / Fury ;   Strong’s #5678 connotes the “overflowing fury of God”

 

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Synonymous:

Adjective of, or having the nature of, a synonym; equivalent or similar in meaning

Synonym:

Noun  A word having the same or nearly the same meaning in one or more senses as another in the same language.

Equivalent: 

Adjective  Equal in quantity, value, force, meaning, etc.

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THESAURUS:

“Tribulation” Synonyms:

Main Entry: Tribulation

Part of Speech: noun

Definition:  pain, unhappiness

Synonyms:  adversity, affliction, albatross*, bad luck*, blow*, bummer*, burden, care, cross to bear, crucible*, curse, difficulty, distress, double whammy, downer*, drag*, grief, hard knock, hard time, headache*, heartache*, misery, misfortune, oppression, ordeal, persecution, rainy day, reverse, sorrow, suffering, trial, trouble, vexation, visitation, woe, worry, wretchedness, wronging

Main Entry:  Affliction

Part of Speech: noun

Definition:  hurt condition; something that causes hurt

Synonyms:  adversity, anguish, calamity, cross, crux, depression, difficulty, disease, disorder, distress, grief, hardship, illness, infirmity, misery, misfortune, ordeal, pain, plague, plight, scourge, sickness, sorrow, suffering, torment, trial, tribulation, trouble, woe

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“Wrath” Synonyms:

Main Entry:  Fury

Part of Speech: noun

Definition:  Anger, Wrath

Synonyms:  acerbity, acrimony, asperity, boiling point, conniption, energy, ferocity, fierceness, fire, flare-up, force, frenzy, furor, impetuosity, indignation, intensity, ire, madness, might, passion, power, rabidity, rage, rampancy, rise, savagery, severity, slow burn, sore, stew*, storm*, tempestuousness, turbulence, vehemence, violence

Notesire suggests greater intensity than anger, rage suggests loss of self-control, and fury is destructive rage verging on madness

Main Entry:  Fury

Part of Speech: noun

Definition:  Violent or unrestrained anger.

Synonyms:  furor, irateness, ire, rage, wrath, wrathfulness

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 By:

Feasts Of The Lord.Net

 

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