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GOD’S COVENANT WITH ISRAEL

By WWW.FeastsOfTheLord.Net

 

DEFINITIONS And TRANSLITERATION OF KEY WORDS AND PASSAGES

BERIYTH:  COVENANT

OLAM:  EVERLASTING

KARATH:  TO MAKE / MADE

GABAR / HIGBIR:  TO CONFIRM

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Gen 17:7

"And I will establish My covenant between Me and you and your descendants after you in their generations, for an everlasting covenant, to be God to you and your descendants after you.

  BERIYTH:  COVENANT

      1) covenant, alliance, pledge

        a) between God and man

  OLAM:  EVERLASTING 

      1) long duration, antiquity, futurity, for ever, ever, everlasting, evermore, perpetual, old, ancient, world

      2) continuous existence, perpetual

      3) everlasting, indefinite or unending future, eternity

 

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 Ezek. 37:26

"Moreover I will make a covenant of peace with them, and it shall be an everlasting covenant with them; I will establish them and multiply them, and I will set My sanctuary in their midst forevermore

 

  KARATH:  To MAKE / MADE

  1) to cut, cut off, cut down, cut off a body part, cut out, eliminate, kill, cut a covenant

  2) to cut or make a covenant

 

Moreover I will make

h3772

כרת karath

a covenant

h1285

ברית bĕriyth

 

of peace

h7965

שלום shalowm

 

with them; it shall be an everlasting

h5769

עולם `owlam

 

covenant

 

h1285

ברית bĕriyth

 

with them: and I will place

h5414

נתן nathan

them, and multiply

h7235

רבה rabah

them, and will set

h5414

נתן nathan

my sanctuary

h4720

מקדש miqdash

 

in the midst

h8432

תוך tavek

 

of them for evermore.

h5769

עולם `owlam

 

 

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Dan. 9:27

Then he shall confirm a covenant with many for one week; But in the middle of the week He shall bring an end to sacrifice and offering. And on the wing of abominations shall be one who makes desolate, Even until the consummation, which is determined, Is poured out on the desolate."

Lev 26:9

'For I will look on you favorably and make you fruitful, multiply you and confirm My covenant with you.

 

      GABAR / HIGBIR:  TO CONFIRM

      1) to prevail, have strength, be strong, be powerful, be mighty, be great

   a) (Qal) to be strong, mighty

   b) (Piel) to make strong, strengthen

   c) (Hiphil) to confirm, give strength

  2) to confirm (a covenant)

 

And he shall confirm

h1396

גבר gabar

the covenant

h1285

ברית bĕriyth

 

with many

h7227

רב rab

 

for one

h259

אחד 'echad

 

week:

 

h7620

שבוע shabuwa`

 

and in the midst

h2677

חצי chetsiy

 

of the week

h7620

שבוע shabuwa`

 

he shall cause the sacrifice

h2077

זבח zebach

 

and the oblation

h4503

מנחה minchah

 

to cease,

h7673

שבת shabath

and for the overspreading

h3671

כנף kanaph

 

of abominations

h8251

שקוץ shiqquwts

 

he shall make [it] desolate,

h8074

שמם shamem

even until the consummation,

h3617

כלה kalah

 

and that determined

h2782

חרץ charats

shall be poured

h5413

נתך nathak

upon the desolate.

h8074

שמם shamem

 

Dan. 9:24-27

24 "Seventy weeks are determined For your people and for your holy city, To finish the transgression, To make an end of sins, To make reconciliation for iniquity, To bring in everlasting righteousness, To seal up vision and prophecy, And to anoint the Most Holy.

 

25 "Know therefore and understand, That from the going forth of the command To restore and build Jerusalem Until Messiah the Prince, There shall be seven weeks and sixty-two weeks; The street shall be built again, and the wall, Even in troublesome times.

 

26 "And after the sixty-two weeks Messiah shall be cut off, but not for Himself; And the people of the prince who is to come Shall destroy the city and the sanctuary. The end of it shall be with a flood, And till the end of the war desolations are determined.

 

27 Then he shall confirm a covenant with many for one week; But in the middle of the week He shall bring an end to sacrifice and offering. And on the wing of abominations shall be one who makes desolate, Even until the consummation, which is determined, Is poured out on the desolate."  

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*Confirm

Regarding Dan. 9:27: “He shall confirm the covenant” (70 periods of 7).

Confirm is from the Hebrew word higbir” (Hiph'il form of the verb Gabar) meaning “to confirm (a covenant), to strengthen”. 

 

See: Hebrew / Geek Lexicon at www.blueletterbible.org, and "Covenant of the 70th Week"

However, the New American Standard (NASB) incorrectly translates “higbir” to the English verb: “to make” (“karat / poieo” in Hebrew / Greek) rather; than “to confirm” or “to strengthen”. 

The NASB infers there was NO pre-existing covenant “to confirm” or “to strengthen”. This incorrect translation by the NASB literally changes Scripture, to it’s detriment.  "To make" is NOT synonymous with "to confirm".

NASB translation “to make” is used to heretically infer the Anti-Christ “makes” a “covenant with the people and the city of Jerusalem”, and consequently, causes major eschatological interpretation consequences!

 

This is Satan’s counterfeit at it’s best distorting God’s prophecy of Jesus’ Second coming!  The Pre-Tribulation interpretation uses this inaccurate translation to justify the Anti-Christ “making” a covenant with Israel; at the beginning of the 7-year ‘tribulation’ period.

It is imperative that a correct translation ‘to confirm’ or ‘to strengthen’ God’s covenant be applied, to show the importance of God’s continued covenant over the full 70 periods of 7s’ period; which includes “… the CITY OF JERUSALEM”.

Only God can “confirm” or  “strengthen” HIS COVENANT with “the people and the city of Jerusalem”. 

 

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Applied hermeneutics requires a clear and literal ‘in-context’ grammatical analysis to determine a passage of scripture’s exact meaning.

 

The key question here is verse 27 with the words "confirm" (gabar) and "covenant" (beriyth), wherein gabar in it’s hyphil form "Higbir" (used in original Hebrew scripture) means ‘confirm; confirm in reference to a covenant’; and beriyth meaning a ‘pledge’ or ‘covenant’, ‘covenant between God and man’.

 

It is also interesting that Gen. 15:18 uses this same word ‘beriyth’, aka ‘covenant’ in what is now termed the ‘Abrahamic covenant’.

 

Verse 27 is the final 1 period of 7 left in God's pledge to Israel and Jerusalem. 

In verse 24 God had determined 70 periods of 7 upon Israel and Jerusalem; and He has applied 69 of these 7s as a sign of the Messiah's coming.  

 

‘In-context grammatical interpretation and transliteration’ of Hebrew of words, applied to the remaining 1 period of 7 can only be referring to the 70 periods of 7 covenant.

 

However, when verse 27 reads "He shall confirm the covenant", this is in reference to the covenant / pledge God had made to the people (Israel), the Holy City (Jerusalem).  Obviously, God can only confirm His covenant with Israel and Jerusalem IF they existed.  This had not been the case from 70 A.D. to until the1948 formation of Israel and 1967 recapture of Jerusalem!

 

Now that they the people (Israel), and the “Holy City” (Jerusalem) exists, God’s’70 periods covenant / pledge’ will be completed.

i.e.  Just as the first 69 periods of 7 announced the Messiah, God has now initiated a completion of His full 70 periods of 7 covenant; for the final 1 period of 7 with His people and the Holy City:

Vs. 24b “To finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy.”

 

This is the ultimate purpose of God’s covenant / pledge.  In other words, a completion of God’s plan of redemption for mankind!

 

However, The Pre-Trib. interpretation of the antichrist  making a covenant is not supported either grammatically or hermeneutically.  This is a heretical change in Scripture from the word "confirm" to "make". 

 

Satan cannot / would not confirm God's pledge / covenant between God and man, as stated in verse 24 for the final 1 period of 7.  This is Replacement Theology at its worst, resulting in eliminating the most profound prophecies related to Yeshua's Return.

 

Can you see how satan has virtually eliminated these 2 pledges by God to Israel, through this interpretation?  There is much more to this total topic, but this is a good start.

 

Praying for our "rightly dividing of the truth", that we may walk in His wisdom, led by His Spirit.

 

 

Literal Hebrew Transliteration and English Equivalent of

Dan. 9:27 with Strongs References:

To confirm / strengthen a covenant (gabar; H1396) a covenant / pledge / alliance / between God and man (beriyth; H1285), [with] many (rab; H7227), one [1], (echad; H259), period of seven days (shabua; H7620),

[after 3.5 years; in the] middle/midst/one-half (chetsiy; H2677) [of the 7-year period], thank-offerings and burnt sacrificial (zebach; H2077) offerings (bloodless offerings), and meat offerings and grain offerings to a divinity without blood (minchah; H4503) are caused to cease, (shabath; H7673) to the extremities of the earth (knaph; H3671),

 

abominable / detestable things (shiqquwts; H8251), make waste / make desolate (shamem; H8074).  

To accomplish / complete destruction (kalah; H3617), to be decisive; determined/ decree / to mutilate (charats; H2782) destroyed / made desolate (shamem; H8074) God decreed to pour out His wrath (nathak; H5413)

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Daniel 9:27 Basic Literal Translation

 

And God shall confirm His covenant (of 70 periods of 7 upon the people and the city of Jerusalem) with them for 1 period of 7.  In the middle of this 7-year period bloodless sacrificial offerings of thank-offerings, burnt offerings, grain offerings and meat offerings offered to God will cease; to the ends of the earth abominable detestable things make waste / desolate; God’s decree to accomplish complete destruction by the pouring out of His own anger / wrath.

 

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9:27 BASIC AMPLIFIED TRANSLATION:

And God shall confirm His covenant of 70 periods of 7 upon the people (Israel) and the Holy City of Jerusalem with them for 1 period of 7.  In the middle of the 7-year tribulation period, offerings of praise and commitment to God will caused to be ceased by abominable / detestable things that make desolate and wasted.  All the earth will be destroyed as decreed by God by His wrath.

 

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9:27 EXPANDED AMPLIFIED TRANSLATION

"AND He (God) shall CONFIRM* (strengthen) the (His) Covenant / Promise (of  70 periods of 7  - upon the people (Israel) & the city (Jerusalem) with many for one week (1 period of 7)."    (Only God can confirm the last 70th 7 of v.24) (69 -7s of v.25 related to Jesus' 1st coming) and in the midst of the week (7-year period) He (God) shall cause (allow) the sacrifice ** (sacrifices of praise; i.e. burnt offerings - not blood sacrifices for sin)  to cease (thru His permissive Will, allowing the antichrist’s activities to cause "Tribulation"  *** during Seals 1-6;  Rev. 6 & Mth.  24:5-29-31), and for the overspreading of abominations he (antichrist) shall make it desolate, even until the consummation  ("Day of the Lord & His Wrath" i.e. End of the Age), and that determined (God’s wrath upon breaking the 7th seal, and opening the Scroll listing the 7 trumpets and 7 bowls of God's WRATH) shall be poured upon the desolate ( i.e. the unrepentant during "tribulation").

 

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